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A stem unit on school gardening for developing 21st century skills and conceptual understanding of science and math. (c2018)

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dc.contributor.author Tawil, Cedra Samuel
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-16T13:19:41Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-16T13:19:41Z
dc.date.copyright 2018 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2018-05-21
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/8644
dc.description.abstract Over the preceding decade, there has been a major incentive in emphasizing STEM— an abbreviation standing for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math—as an essential aspect of educational curricula. However, little research has been done to study the application of STEM in a garden context on the conceptual understanding and 21st century skills. Thus, in writing this paper,the researcher examined the effect of STEM on the conceptual understanding in science and math as well as the application of the 21st century skills into the garden setting, by looking specifically at 4th grade students. By using a mixed method approach, the researcher collects qualitative and quantitative data while observing the participants in the garden.Quantitative data was extracted from instruments including students’ worksheets in class, formative and summative tests and pre and post-test. Qualitative data was collected from observational notes done by the researcher throughout the study. Pre and post-tests were applied to verify whether or not STEM within the garden context enhances students’ achievement scores. The results showed a significant difference (P < 0.0167) in the experimental classes’ pre- and post-test scores for four out of six concepts studied and a great significance with application of the 21st century skills, while a slight significant difference was found between the pre- and post-test scores of the control classes. A significant difference was reached between the control and experimental groups due to intervention. Consequently, the results showed that STEM through gardening activities helped improve science and math test scores as well as the skills application. Moreover, the results presented in this study will be used as a basis for curriculum reforms in the future. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.subject Science -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Activity programs en_US
dc.subject Mathematics -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Activity programs en_US
dc.subject Concept learning en_US
dc.subject School gardens en_US
dc.title A stem unit on school gardening for developing 21st century skills and conceptual understanding of science and math. (c2018) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.degree MA in Education en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 199906100 en_US
dc.author.commembers Harati, Lina
dc.author.commembers Kandil, Bassem
dc.author.department Education en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 hard copy: xii, 293 leaves; col. ill.; 30 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.advisor Osta, Iman
dc.keywords STEM en_US
dc.keywords 21st century skills en_US
dc.keywords Garden en_US
dc.keywords Communication en_US
dc.keywords Collaboration en_US
dc.keywords Critical thinking en_US
dc.keywords Conceptual understanding en_US
dc.keywords Technology education en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Bibliography : leaves 101-108. en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2018.96 en_US
dc.author.email ct990610@lau.edu en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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