Experimental investigation of the seismic response of Baalbek colonnade. (c2018)

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dc.contributor.author Estephan, Johnny Boutros
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-16T13:07:56Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-16T13:07:56Z
dc.date.copyright 2018 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2018-08-09
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/8643
dc.description.abstract The Mediterranean region has experienced large seismic events leading to the deterioration of classical columns and historical monuments. Lebanon, in particular, has encountered two of the strongest earthquakes in 1202 and 1759 that were behind the collapse of the classical columns of the Temple of Jupiter in Baalbek. Only six columns survived and remained free-standing. This study investigates the dynamic response of the Baalbek colonnade under harmonic excitations. A series of shake table experiments were performed on a 1:40 scaled model of the colonnade in order to understand its overall behavior during earthquakes. The simulations were carried out on single multi-drum and monolithic columns, in addition to multi-column colonnades. Stability curves were developed for each type of columns and displacements were measured in both the in-plane and out-of-plane directions using a laser motion sensor. The study found that colonnades under in-plane excitations are more vulnerable to collapse as the number of columns increases. This was attributed to the columns’ wobbling motions. The study also found that out-of-plane excitations pose a bigger threat on such columns than in-plane excitations. The results of this study will be essential for validating full-scale finite element based models that are normally used to simulate the behavior of such large structures under earthquake loads. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.subject Columns -- Earthquake effects -- Lebanon -- Baalbeck en_US
dc.subject Temple of Jupiter (Baalbeck, Lebanon) en_US
dc.title Experimental investigation of the seismic response of Baalbek colonnade. (c2018) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.term.submitted Summer en_US
dc.author.degree MSE in Civil and Environment Eng en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201304947 en_US
dc.author.commembers Tabbara, Mazen en_US
dc.author.commembers Karam, Gebran en_US
dc.author.department Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.embargo 24M en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 hard copy: xiii, 76 leaves; 30 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.advisor Abi Shdid, Caesar en_US
dc.keywords Multi-drum columns en_US
dc.keywords Colonnades en_US
dc.keywords Shake table en_US
dc.keywords Rocking en_US
dc.keywords Wobbling en_US
dc.keywords Dynamic response en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Bibliography : leaves 73-76. en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2018.95 en_US
dc.author.email johnny.estephan@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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