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From rain to grain

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dc.contributor.author Houri, A.
dc.date.accessioned 2018-01-31T09:05:54Z
dc.date.available 2018-01-31T09:05:54Z
dc.date.copyright 2001 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1743-3541 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/6999
dc.description.abstract Integrated water management in the Middle East is becoming extremely important due to water scarcity. A demonstration project has been undertaken to use water in the most efficient and economical way. The main purpose of ths project is the establishment of a money-saving water catchment system and a non-polluting wastewater recycling system. In addition, it is expected to serve as a learning tool and a starting point for similar projects. In an area with no government installed fresh water or sewer connections, rainwater is collected for use in irrigation and human use. Due to the nature of rainfall in the area, rain is stored in large (450 m3) concrete containers during the winter months and used extensively over the summer months. The collecting surface (928 m2, concrete slab) is used as a basketball field and the water collected is of excellent quality. Ths established project supports 2000 campers and visitors to the camping site over the course of the year. In order to avoid pollution of ground water caused by open bottom pits, gray and black water were separated at the source. Grey water is used for irrigating recently planted forest trees and sample vegetable crops without treatment. Black water is used for irrigating non-edible useful plants with minimal processing. The plants raised on black water, such as bamboo, reeds, and luffa, support the nature of activities performed at the camping site. A complete integrated environmentally friendly water management system is established that provides sustainable water resources and a zero effluent system. A practical and educational system is presented that can become typical for areas with similar water and sewer shortages. Campers and local citizens are already being introduced to the system and educated about the importance of water collection and the hazards of wastewater dumping into the ground en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title From rain to grain en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle A model integrated water management system en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 199729070 en_US
dc.author.department Natural Sciences en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment en_US
dc.journal.volume 48 en_US
dc.journal.issue 7 en_US
dc.article.pages 69-75 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/WRM010061 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Houri, A. (1970). From rain to grain: A model integrated water management system. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 48. en_US
dc.author.email ahouri@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.witpress.com/elibrary/wit-transactions-on-ecology-and-the-environment/48/3098 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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