Medication safety knowledge, attitudes and practices among community pharmacists in Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Hajj, Aline
dc.contributor.author Hallit, Souheil
dc.contributor.author Ramia, Elsy
dc.contributor.author Salameh, Pascale
dc.date.accessioned 2018-12-19T11:47:52Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-19T11:47:52Z
dc.date.copyright 2018 en_US
dc.date.issued 2018-12-19
dc.identifier.issn 1473-4877 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/6838
dc.description.abstract Background: The effectiveness of a national post-marketing surveillance program depends directly on the active participation of all health professionals. There is no current comprehensive and active pharmacovigilance program available in Lebanon. Objectives: To assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) among community pharmacists in Lebanon with respect to potential pharmacovigilance and adverse-drug-reaction reporting in Lebanon. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study, using a self-administered KAP questionnaire and conducted between March and July 2016, included 1857 pharmacists practicing in community settings. Statistical analysis included χ2 test for dichotomous or multinomial qualitative variables, and Wilcoxon test for quantitative variables with non-homogeneous variances or non-normal distribution. Results: The majority of responders had good knowledge concerning the concept and purpose of pharmacovigilance as well as adverse drug reactions (how to report these/the importance of reporting adverse events/the definition of an adverse event and pharmacovigilance). Concerning community pharmacists’ attitudes and practice towards pharmacovigilance, the majority described having a positive attitude towards their role in adverse drug reaction reporting and this activity was even seen as one of their core duties. The questionnaire revealed a lack of practice and training regarding pharmacovigilance. Nonetheless, the pharmacists agreed on the Order of Pharmacists in Lebanon and the Ministry of Health’s role in promoting this practice and helping them be more involved in reporting adverse drug reactions (ADRs). The pharmacists thought that they are well positioned regarding patient-safety practice in their pharmacies and the results were not statistically different between pharmacy employers and employees. Conclusion: Lebanese pharmacists have the required knowledge and positive attitude to start reporting ADRs, were aware of ADRs occurring with various medicines post-marketing, yet were currently not able to disseminate this information widely or to record it centrally, emphasizing the importance of establishing a national ADR reporting system. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Medication safety knowledge, attitudes and practices among community pharmacists in Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOP en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200302267 en_US
dc.author.department Pharmacy Practice en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Current Medical Research and Opinion en_US
dc.journal.volume 34 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 149-156 en_US
dc.keywords Adverse drug effects en_US
dc.keywords Community pharmacists en_US
dc.keywords Medication safety en_US
dc.keywords Pharmacovigilance en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1080/03007995.2017.1361916 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Hajj, A., Hallit, S., RHajj, A., Hallit, S., Ramia, E., Salameh, P., & Order of Pharmacists Scientific Committee–Medication Safety Subcommittee. (2018). Medication safety knowledge, attitudes and practices among community pharmacists in Lebanon. Current medical research and opinion, 34(1), 149-156. en_US
dc.author.email elsy.ramia@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/03007995.2017.1361916 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6447-4377 en_US
dc.publication.date 2018
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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