Bioinspired design of redox-active ligands for multielectron catalysis

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dc.contributor.author Jurss, Jonah W.
dc.contributor.author Khnayzer, Rony S.
dc.contributor.author Panetier, Julien A.
dc.contributor.author El Roz, Karim A.
dc.contributor.author Nichols, Eva M.
dc.contributor.author Head-Gordon, Martin
dc.contributor.author Long, Jeffrey R.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-11-03T08:18:14Z
dc.date.available 2017-11-03T08:18:14Z
dc.date.copyright 2015 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-11-03
dc.identifier.issn 2041-6539 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/6494
dc.description.abstract Mononuclear metalloenzymes in nature can function in cooperation with precisely positioned redox-active organic cofactors in order to carry out multielectron catalysis. Inspired by the finely tuned redox management of these bioinorganic systems, we present the design, synthesis, and experimental and theoretical characterization of a homologous series of cobalt complexes bearing redox-active pyrazines. These donor moieties are locked into key positions within a pentadentate ligand scaffold in order to evaluate the effects of positioning redox non-innocent ligands on hydrogen evolution catalysis. Both metal- and ligand-centered redox features are observed in organic as well as aqueous solutions over a range of pH values, and comparison with analogs bearing redox-inactive zinc(II) allows for assignments of ligand-based redox events. Varying the geometric placement of redox non-innocent pyrazine donors on isostructural pentadentate ligand platforms results in marked effects on observed cobalt-catalyzed proton reduction activity. Electrocatalytic hydrogen evolution from weak acids in acetonitrile solution, under diffusion-limited conditions, reveals that the pyrazine donor of axial isomer 1-Co behaves as an unproductive electron sink, resulting in high overpotentials for proton reduction, whereas the equatorial pyrazine isomer complex 2-Co is significantly more active for hydrogen generation at lower voltages. Addition of a second equatorial pyrazine in complex 3-Co further minimizes overpotentials required for catalysis. The equatorial derivative 2-Co is also superior to its axial 1-Co congener for electrocatalytic and visible-light photocatalytic hydrogen generation in biologically relevant, neutral pH aqueous media. Density functional theory calculations (B3LYP-D2) indicate that the first reduction of catalyst isomers 1-Co, 2-Co, and 3-Co is largely metal-centered while the second reduction occurs at pyrazine. Taken together, the data establish that proper positioning of non-innocent pyrazine ligands on a single cobalt center is indeed critical for promoting efficient hydrogen catalysis in aqueous media, akin to optimally positioned redox-active cofactors in metalloenzymes. In a broader sense, these findings highlight the significance of electronic structure considerations in the design of effective electron–hole reservoirs for multielectron transformations. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Bioinspired design of redox-active ligands for multielectron catalysis en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle effects of positioning pyrazine reservoirs on cobalt for electro- and photocatalytic generation of hydrogen from water en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200501196 en_US
dc.author.department Natural Sciences en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Chemical Science en_US
dc.journal.volume 6 en_US
dc.journal.issue 8 en_US
dc.article.pages 4954-4972 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C5SC01414J en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Jurss, J. W., Khnayzer, R. S., Panetier, J. A., El Roz, K. A., Nichols, E. M., Head-Gordon, M., ... & Chang, C. J. (2015). Bioinspired design of redox-active ligands for multielectron catalysis: effects of positioning pyrazine reservoirs on cobalt for electro-and photocatalytic generation of hydrogen from water. Chemical Science, 6(8), 4954-4972. en_US
dc.author.email rony.khnayzer@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2015/sc/c5sc01414j en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7775-0027 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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