The prevalence and determinants of anabolic steroid use among fitness centre attendees in Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Melki, Jad P.
dc.contributor.author Mufarrij, Afif J.
dc.contributor.author Hitti, Eveline A.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-10-24T10:59:00Z
dc.date.available 2017-10-24T10:59:00Z
dc.date.copyright 2014 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-10-24
dc.identifier.issn 1528-3356 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/6418
dc.description.abstract Background : Non-medical anabolic steroid (AS) use in non-professional athletes is an increasingly recognized public health problem in Europe and the United States but poorly studied in the Middle East. Research question : The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence and determinants of anabolic steroid use amongst adult fitness centre attendees in the Greater Beirut area, Lebanon. Type of study : A cross-sectional study design was adopted. Methods :Subjects: The targeted population included all gym attendees in Greater Beirut aged 18 or above. Professional or career athletes competing in organized sports were excluded. Questionnaire: A questionnaire was used to survey participants on demographic information, history of anabolic steroid usage and possible determinants of use. Sampling: A list of 53 fitness centres in the Greater Beirut area was identified. Thirty-three gyms agreed to permit access to their centres. Trained research assistants distributed the questionnaire to all gym attendees on arrival, during equally selected day and evening intervals. A total of 523 gym attendees completed the survey. Results : The prevalence of any history of anabolic steroid use was 10.7%. The majority of users (78.2%) were aware of the adverse health effects. The main reason for usage reported was body image enhancement (82.0%). Demographic factors associated with anabolic steroid use were: male gender, separated/divorced status and full-time employment. Conclusion : Non-medical anabolic steroid use is a public health concern in Lebanon that should be addressed by monitoring AS use in health clubs and with educational programs aimed at high-risk groups, health practitioners and health clubs that not only focus on risk awareness but also on media literacy and body image attitudes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title The prevalence and determinants of anabolic steroid use among fitness centre attendees in Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle original research en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201508744 en_US
dc.author.department Communication Arts en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal International SportMed Journal en_US
dc.journal.volume 15 en_US
dc.journal.issue 4 en_US
dc.article.pages 391-401 en_US
dc.keywords Anabolic steroids en_US
dc.keywords Determinants en_US
dc.keywords Epidemiology en_US
dc.keywords Media literacy and Prevalence en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Hitti, E. A., Melki, J. P., & Mufarrij, A. J. (2014). The prevalence and determinants of anabolic steroid use among fitness centre attendees in Lebanon. International SportMed Journal, 15(4), 391-401. en_US
dc.author.email jmelki@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://journals.co.za/content/ismj/15/4/EJC164099 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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