Discourse of multilateral economic sanctions. (c2007)

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dc.contributor.author Hbous, Sina Bassam
dc.date.accessioned 2011-09-28T08:18:13Z
dc.date.available 2011-09-28T08:18:13Z
dc.date.copyright 2007 en_US
dc.date.issued 2011-09-28
dc.date.submitted 2007-02-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/640
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 93-98). en_US
dc.description.abstract Realizing and actualizing a comprehensive research study on economic sanction's social and economic effects in addition to finding the methods and means to mitigate those effects, certainly required a complicated but rewarding research journey. This journey first began through conducting a detailed literature review covering a cumbersome, controversial and vast literature on economic and international sanctions. A literature ranging from a pure theoretical perspective inspired by philosophy, ethics, economic modeling and political science, to a practical side that spanned different case studies of actual economic sanctions incidents accompanied with data to prove it; A literature ranging from anti sanctions writings that highlights the devastating humanitarian crisis caused by it to pro sanctions writings that deem it to be an effective foreign policy tool tipping the balance of diplomacy and peace over war and bloodshed. However, this preliminary research resulted in a very interesting and important finding that came to be the focal point of this thesis. Existing literature failed to address the humanitarian aspect of sanctions from the point of view of the ordinary citizen. Although the world acknowledged the negative impacts of sanctions it miserably failed to mitigate it and address the needs of those suffering. This research acknowledges the existence of commendable attempts by the United Nations and the international society to heal the wounds of innocent people but unfortunately so far none of those attempts had real and significant effect. After identifying the problem, the next steps were to recognize its cause, and symptoms. Thus the next chapter was dedicated to the close study of the role of International law and its relation to economic sanctions in light of human rights and humanitarian law. The result of which was a better understanding of the controversy behind sanctions and the fountain of the negativity it produces. Economic sanctions are positioned in a shady area of international law, deemed by it as the lesser of a necessary evil to correct an illegality. Its linkage to human rights is even vaguer and the cause of a bottomless conundrum within international law itself. As for the quest to find its symptoms, the most applicable and suitable method was to adopt the case study approach, which enrich this study with real sense and magnitude of actual effects of sanctions. Rather than looking at one case study, and to allow room for differentiation, varying circumstances, level of economic growth of the targeted, extent of its endowment with resource and the type of economic sanctions imposed, two case studies were mentioned and reviewed in great detail to cover all these attributes. Iraq and Yugoslavia were the real witnesses to the horror of economic sanctions when implemented without any proper protective shield. Although the extent of the impact of sanctions varied between the cases, the symptoms were the same; poverty, corruption, criminality, dehumanization, are but few of the common negative traits of economic sanctions. Indeed these cases were windows to the shortcoming of many variables such as humanitarian assistance of international organizations, structure and process of sanctions design and implementation, weak voice of national & international civil society and the failure of the government to play its role. They also exposed the lack of utilization of many other factors such as Technology, and the Media. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject United Nations -- Sanctions -- Case studies en_US
dc.subject Economic sanctions -- Iraq en_US
dc.subject Economic sanctions -- Yugoslavia en_US
dc.subject Iraq -- Social conditions en_US
dc.subject Yugoslavia -- Social conditions en_US
dc.subject Iraq -- Economic conditions en_US
dc.subject Yugoslavia -- Economic conditions en_US
dc.subject Sanctions (International law) -- Case studies en_US
dc.subject Humanitarian assistance -- Iraq en_US
dc.subject Humanitarian assistance -- Yugoslavia en_US
dc.title Discourse of multilateral economic sanctions. (c2007) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle Measures to mitigate their social and economic effects en_US
dc.term.submitted Fall en_US
dc.author.degree MA in International Affairs en_US
dc.author.school Arts and Sciences en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200300118 en_US
dc.author.commembers Dr. Shafik Masri
dc.author.commembers Dr. Waleed Mobarak
dc.author.woa OA en_US
dc.description.physdesc 41 bound copy: xv, 103 leaves; ill.; 30 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.division International Affairs en_US
dc.author.advisor Dr. Sami Baroudi
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2007.18 en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US

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