Comparison of carcinogen, carbon monoxide, and ultrafine particle emissions from narghile waterpipe and cigarette smoking

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dc.contributor.author Sheheitli, Hiba
dc.contributor.author Jaroudi, Ezzat
dc.contributor.author Saleh, Rawad
dc.contributor.author Daher, Nancy
dc.contributor.author Badr, Therese
dc.contributor.author Sepetdjian, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.author Al Rashidi, Mariam
dc.contributor.author Saliba, Najat
dc.contributor.author Shihadeh, Alan
dc.date.accessioned 2017-09-28T12:45:07Z
dc.date.available 2017-09-28T12:45:07Z
dc.date.copyright 2010 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1873-2844 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/6288
dc.description.abstract The lack of scientific evidence on the constituents, properties, and health effects of second-hand waterpipe smoke has fueled controversy over whether public smoking bans should include the waterpipe. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare emissions of ultrafine particles (UFP, <100 nm), carcinogenic polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), volatile aldehydes, and carbon monoxide (CO) for cigarettes and narghile (shisha, hookah) waterpipes. These smoke constituents are associated with a variety of cancers, and heart and pulmonary diseases, and span the volatility range found in tobacco smoke. Sidestream cigarette and waterpipe smoke was captured and aged in a 1 m3 Teflon-coated chamber operating at 1.5 air changes per hour (ACH). The chamber was characterized for particle mass and number surface deposition rates. UFP and CO concentrations were measured online using a fast particle spectrometer (TSI 3090 Engine Exhaust Particle Sizer), and an indoor air quality monitor. Particulate PAH and gaseous volatile aldehydes were captured on glass fiber filters and DNPH-coated SPE cartridges, respectively, and analyzed off-line using GC–MS and HPLC–MS. PAH compounds quantified were the 5- and 6-ring compounds of the EPA priority list. Measured aldehydes consisted of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, methacrolein, and propionaldehyde. We found that a single waterpipe use session emits in the sidestream smoke approximately four times the carcinogenic PAH, four times the volatile aldehydes, and 30 times the CO of a single cigarette. Accounting for exhaled mainstream smoke, and given a habitual smoker smoking rate of 2 cigarettes per hour, during a typical one-hour waterpipe use session a waterpipe smoker likely generates ambient carcinogens and toxicants equivalent to 2–10 cigarette smokers, depending on the compound in question. There is therefore good reason to include waterpipe tobacco smoking in public smoking bans en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Comparison of carcinogen, carbon monoxide, and ultrafine particle emissions from narghile waterpipe and cigarette smoking en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle sidestream smoke measurements and assessment of second-hand smoke emission factors en_US
dc.author.school SOB en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201306323 en_US
dc.author.department Department of Management Studies (MNGT) en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Atmospheric Environment en_US
dc.journal.volume 44 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 8-14 en_US
dc.keywords Environmental tobacco smoke en_US
dc.keywords Aerosol dynamics en_US
dc.keywords Environmental chamber en_US
dc.keywords Shisha en_US
dc.keywords Hookah en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.10.004 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Daher, N., Saleh, R., Jaroudi, E., Sheheitli, H., Badr, T., Sepetdjian, E., ... & Shihadeh, A. (2010). Comparison of carcinogen, carbon monoxide, and ultrafine particle emissions from narghile waterpipe and cigarette smoking: Sidestream smoke measurements and assessment of second-hand smoke emission factors. Atmospheric Environment, 44(1), 8-14. en_US
dc.author.email hiba.sheheitli@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231009008528 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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