Immobilization of copper, lead, and tungsten in mixed munitions firing range–contaminated soils by various amendments

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dc.contributor.author Wazne, Mahmoud
dc.contributor.author Karachalios, Antonis
dc.contributor.author Betancur, Juan Nicolas
dc.contributor.author Christodoulatos, Christos
dc.date.accessioned 2017-07-26T09:29:42Z
dc.date.available 2017-07-26T09:29:42Z
dc.date.copyright 2011 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-07-26
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/5965
dc.description.abstract Batch and column leaching tests were conducted to assess the simultaneous stabilization of copper (Cu), lead (Pb), and tungsten (W) in eight representative contaminated firing range soils in the United States using various amendments. The amendments included granulated ferric oxide (GFO), granulated titanium dioxide (GTD), Pahokee peat soil (PPS), Gascoyne leonardite soil (GLS), Elliot silty loam soil (ESLS), calcium phosphate monobasic (CPM), and apatite II. The metal oxides and the organic soil amendments were applied at a dosage of 10%, and phosphates were applied at phosphorus to lead (P/Pb) molar ratio of 1.8. The experimental results indicated that GFO was superior to all materials tested for simultaneously stabilizing Cu, Pb, and W during the batch leaching tests. Flow-through column tests were conducted for one of the soil samples to test the effectiveness of GFO to immobilize Cu, Pb, and W. The concentrations of Cu, Pb, and W were significantly reduced in the effluent of the amended soil columns as compared with the control soil columns. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Immobilization of copper, lead, and tungsten in mixed munitions firing range–contaminated soils by various amendments en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201205627 en_US
dc.author.department Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Hazardous, Toxic, and Radioactive Waste en_US
dc.journal.volume 15 en_US
dc.journal.issue 3 en_US
dc.article.pages 151-159
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)HZ.1944-8376.0000074 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Karachalios, A., Wazne, M., Betancur, J. N., Christodoulatos, C., Braida, W., and O’Connor, G. 2011. Immobilization of Cu, Pb and W in mixed munitions firing range contaminated soils by various amendments. J. Hazardous, Toxic, Radioactive Waste 15, 151 en_US
dc.author.email mahmoud.wazne@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/%28ASCE%29HZ.1944-8376.0000074?journalCode=jhtrbp en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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