A qualitative exploration of sexual risk and HIV testing behaviors among men who have sex with men in Beirut, Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Mokhbat, Jacques
dc.contributor.author Wagner, Glenn J.
dc.contributor.author Aunon, Frances M.
dc.contributor.author Kaplan, Rachel L.
dc.contributor.author Rana, Yashodhara
dc.contributor.author Khouri, Danielle
dc.contributor.author Tohme, Johnny
dc.date.accessioned 2017-02-10T08:57:59Z
dc.date.available 2017-02-10T08:57:59Z
dc.date.copyright 2012 en_US
dc.date.issued 2017-02-10
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/5206
dc.description.abstract Men who have sex with men (MSM) may account for most new HIV infections in Lebanon, yet little is known about the factors that influence sexual risk behavior and HIV testing in this population. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 31 MSM living in Beirut, and content analysis was used to identify emergent themes. Mean age of the participants was 28.4 years, and all identified as either gay (77%) or bisexual (23%). Half reported not using condoms consistently and one quarter had not been HIV-tested. Many described not using condoms with a regular partner in the context of a meaningful relationship, mutual HIV testing, and a desire to not use condoms, suggesting that trust, commitment and intimacy play a role in condom use decisions. Condoms were more likely to be used with casual partners, partners believed to be HIV-positive, and with partners met online where men found it easier to candidly discuss HIV risk. Fear of infection motivated many to get HIV tested and use condoms, but such affect also led some to avoid HIV testing in fear of disease and social stigma if found to be infected. Respondents who were very comfortable with their sexual orientation and who had disclosed their sexuality to family and parents tended to be more likely to use condoms consistently and be tested for HIV. These findings indicate that similar factors influence the condom use and HIV testing of MSM in Beirut as those observed in studies elsewhere of MSM; hence, prevention efforts in Lebanon can likely benefit from lessons learned and interventions developed in other regions, particularly for younger, gay-identified men. Further research is needed to determine how prevention efforts may need to be tailored to address the needs of men who are less integrated into or do not identify with the gay community. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title A qualitative exploration of sexual risk and HIV testing behaviors among men who have sex with men in Beirut, Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200902719 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal PLOS One en_US
dc.journal.volume 7 en_US
dc.journal.issue 9 en_US
dc.article.pages e45566 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0045566 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Wagner, G. J., Aunon, F. M., Kaplan, R. L., Rana, Y., Khouri, D., Tohme, J., & Mokhbat, J. (2012). A qualitative exploration of sexual risk and HIV testing behaviors among men who have sex with men in Beirut, Lebanon. PloS one, 7(9), e45566. en_US
dc.author.email jacques.mokhbat@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0045566 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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