Revisiting leishmaniasis in the time of war

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dc.contributor.author Jaber, Amani
dc.contributor.author Alawieh, Ali
dc.contributor.author Musharrafieh, Umayya
dc.contributor.author Berry, Atika
dc.contributor.author Ghosn, Nada
dc.contributor.author Bizri, Abdul Rahman
dc.date.accessioned 2016-12-05T14:20:28Z
dc.date.available 2016-12-05T14:20:28Z
dc.date.copyright 2014 en_US
dc.date.issued 2016-12-05
dc.identifier.issn 1201-9712 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/4880
dc.description.abstract Background Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease, endemic in many worldwide foci including the Middle East. Several outbreaks have occurred in the Middle East over the past decades, mostly related to war-associated population migration. With the start of the Syrian war, the frequency and magnitude of these outbreaks increased alarmingly. We describe the epidemiology of Leishmania infection in Lebanon and the most recent outbreak relevant to the Syrian war. Methods We reviewed all leishmaniasis cases reported to the Epidemiologic Surveillance Department at the Lebanese Ministry of Public Health between 2001 and the first quarter of 2014. The demographics and distribution of Syrian refugees in Lebanon were linked to reports of new Leishmania cases. Results In total, 1033 new cases of leishmaniasis were reported in 2013 compared to a previous annual number in the range of 0–6 cases. The majority of cases reported in 2013 involved Syrian refugees and their relevant areas of concentration. Conclusions This new outbreak of leishmaniasis in Lebanon is the first of its kind for more than a decade. The sudden increase in Leishmania cases in Lebanon in 2013 is attributed to the increasing numbers and wide distribution of Syrian refugees in Lebanon. This serves as an example of the risks associated with military conflicts and the ability of communicable diseases to cross borders. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Revisiting leishmaniasis in the time of war en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle the Syrian conflict and the Lebanese outbreak en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201001807 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal International Journal of Infectious Diseases en_US
dc.journal.volume 29 en_US
dc.article.pages 115-119 en_US
dc.keywords Leishmania en_US
dc.keywords Middle East en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.keywords Cutaneous leishmaniasis en_US
dc.keywords Visceral leishmaniasis en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2014.04.023 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Alawieh, A., Musharrafieh, U., Jaber, A., Berry, A., Ghosn, N., & Bizri, A. R. (2014). Revisiting leishmaniasis in the time of war: the Syrian conflict and the Lebanese outbreak. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 29, 115-119. en_US
dc.author.email amani.jaber@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1201971214015197?np=y en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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