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Predictors of psychological distress in Lebanese hostages of war

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dc.contributor.author Doumit, Myrna
dc.contributor.author Chaaya, Monique
dc.contributor.author Saab, Basem Roberto
dc.contributor.author Farhood, Laila
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-24T12:51:48Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-24T12:51:48Z
dc.date.copyright 2003 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0037-7856 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/4668
dc.description.abstract A cross-sectional study addressed the experience of Lebanese hostages of war in Lebanon. It specifically assessed the prevalence of general distress and its relationship to captivity-related factors and selected psychosocial variables. Trained field researchers using standard measurements interviewed 118 Lebanese hostages released from Khiam prison, an Israeli detention center in Lebanon. Questionnaires administered included the GHQ-12 and the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire. Individuals were detained for 3.4 years on average, and 86% were tortured. Psychological distress was present in 42.1% of the sample compared to 27.8% among the control group. In the multivariate analysis, the significant predictors for distress were: years of education and increase in religiosity after release. In conclusion, even after 2 years of release, more than one-third of the Lebanese hostages released from Khiam prison were found to have psychological distress. Caregivers need to pay special attention to the mental health of hostages of war. The paper discusses the meaning and implications of the factors predicting resilience and vulnerability in this particular population. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Predictors of psychological distress in Lebanese hostages of war en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SON en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201005174 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Social Science & Medicine en_US
dc.journal.volume 57 en_US
dc.journal.issue 7 en_US
dc.article.pages 1249-1257 en_US
dc.keywords POW en_US
dc.keywords Torture en_US
dc.keywords Psychiatric distress en_US
dc.keywords Hostage en_US
dc.keywords Trauma en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00505-1 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Saab, B. R., Chaaya, M., Doumit, M., & Farhood, L. (2003). Predictors of psychological distress in Lebanese hostages of war. Social Science & Medicine, 57(7), 1249-1257. en_US
dc.author.email myrna.doumit@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277953602005051 en_US


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