Review of the Refeeding Syndrome

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dc.contributor.author Btaiche, Imad F.
dc.contributor.author Kraft, Micheal D.
dc.contributor.author Sacks, Gordon S.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-05T11:42:32Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-05T11:42:32Z
dc.date.copyright 2005 en_US
dc.date.issued 2016-10-05
dc.identifier.issn 0884-5336 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/4508
dc.description.abstract Refeeding syndrome describes a constellation of metabolic disturbances that occur as a result of reinstitution of nutrition to patients who are starved or severely malnourished. Patients can develop fluid and electrolyte disorders, especially hypophosphatemia, along with neurologic, pulmonary, cardiac, neuromuscular, and hematologic complications. We reviewed literature on refeeding syndrome and the associated electrolyte abnormalities, fluid disturbances, and associated complications. In addition to assessing scientific literature, we also considered clinical experience and judgment in developing recommendations for prevention and treatment of refeeding syndrome. The most important steps are to identify patients at risk for developing refeeding syndrome, institute nutrition support cautiously, and correct and supplement electrolyte and vitamin deficiencies to avoid refeeding syndrome. We provide suggestions for the prevention of refeeding syndrome and suggestions for treatment of electrolyte disturbances and complications in patients who develop refeeding syndrome, according to evidence in the literature, the pathophysiology of refeeding syndrome, and clinical experience and judgment. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Review of the Refeeding Syndrome en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOP en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201105289 en_US
dc.author.department Pharmacy Practice Department en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Nutrition in Clinical Practise en_US
dc.journal.volume 20 en_US
dc.journal.issue 6 en_US
dc.article.pages 625-633 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0115426505020006625 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Kraft, M. D., Btaiche, I. F., & Sacks, G. S. (2005). Review of the refeeding syndrome. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 20(6), 625-633. en_US
dc.author.email imad.btaiche@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://ncp.sagepub.com/content/20/6/625.short en_US

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