Motherhood in Arabic/African literary texts. (c2015)

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dc.contributor.author Ghazal, Amal
dc.date.accessioned 2016-03-03T07:52:00Z
dc.date.available 2016-03-03T07:52:00Z
dc.date.issued 2016-03-03
dc.date.submitted 2015-05-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/3246
dc.description.abstract Silence, purity and sacrifice have been internalized as values of honorific motherhood for ages all over the world. But since the appearance of the second-wave feminism, and as part of the generalized fight-back against oppression, feminists came to reject these values which they think embody a male vision. They argue that motherhood is not innate but rather a cultural construct. In the Arab world as well as in western Africa, any simple questioning of the traditional maternal discourse is condemned. Still, there are serious female voices in the Arab world as well as in Africa who break the silence around maternal experience in literary works, as well as in films and paintings. This thesis aims to show that the male vision of ideal motherhood as shown in Ghassan Kanafani’s Um Saad (1969) and Mongo Beti’s Perpetua and the Habit of Unhappiness (1978) is based on an agenda that sustains patriarchy and that supports nationalism. These two novels define the ideal mother figure according to the criteria of silence, purity, and sacrifice. The mother who doesn’t fit into these categories is viewed as an evil mother. In contrast, the thesis examines the rejection of the internalized patriarchal metanarrative of motherhood by 2 female authors: the Palestinian Sahar Khalifeh in The Door of the Courtyard (1999) and the Nigerian Buchi Emecheta in The Joys of Motherhood (1979). These two novels move away from prevalent depictions of honorific motherhood and demonstrate that society programs women to be followers to their husbands and to their male offspring. This rejection by female writers of the traditional representation of ideal mothers, and their denouncement of patriarchy and nationalism, reflect an awareness of the multiple ways in which their status as second class citizens is reinforced in the “third world.” en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Kanafani, Ghassan -- 1936-1972 -- Umm Sa'd en_US
dc.subject Beti, Mongo -- 1932-2001 -- Perpetua and the habit of unhappiness en_US
dc.subject Khalifah, Sahar -- Door of the courtyard en_US
dc.subject Emecheta, Buchi -- Joys of motherhood en_US
dc.subject Motherhood in literature en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title Motherhood in Arabic/African literary texts. (c2015) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.degree MA in Comparative Literature en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200703531 en_US
dc.author.commembers Aghacy, Samira
dc.author.commembers Balaa, Luma
dc.author.woa OA en_US
dc.author.department English en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 hard copy: viii, 68 leaves; 31 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.advisor Aercke, Kristiaan
dc.keywords Nationalism en_US
dc.keywords Motherhood en_US
dc.keywords Kanafani en_US
dc.keywords Beti en_US
dc.keywords Khalifeh en_US
dc.keywords Emecheta en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Bibliography: leaves 66-68. en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2015.43 en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US

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