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Reclaimed Waste Water in Some Middle Eastern Countries

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dc.contributor.author Chatila, Jean G.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-02-03T09:49:46Z
dc.date.available 2016-02-03T09:49:46Z
dc.date.copyright 2004
dc.date.issued 2016-02-03
dc.identifier.issn 0225-5189 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/2992
dc.description.abstract Countries of the Middle East are increasingly suffering from shortages and mismanagement of water, a commodity that is becoming of considerable value since water demands are fast approaching the limits of availability. Efficient solutions for water-related problems necessitate the adoption of well-planned policies. The solution must be sought in the optimum use of the available water, and reuse of reclaimed waste water must play a vital part. To meet future water requirements, many countries will have no option but to increase the use of treated waste water and study the viability of waste water reuse alternatives including irrigation of agricultural lands and recharge of groundwater. The cost of waste water treatment depends on the process used and the level of treatment required for a particular use. Data on waste water in the Middle East region are scarce and scattered. The article's main aim is to provide a summary and perspective on the subject and clarify the idea that waste water is not free. This paper describes the different aspects of the waste water—quantities, treatment, potential reuse, and pricing of the treated effluent—in some countries of the Middle East. Many of these countries will have no option but to increase the use of treated waste water—an economically acceptable resource—to reduce the exploitation of scarce water sources and resources. Finally, a set of proposed regulations and recommendations has been developed. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Reclaimed Waste Water in Some Middle Eastern Countries en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle Pricing and Perspective en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 199690300 en_US
dc.author.woa N/A en_US
dc.author.department Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Canadian Journal of Development Studies en_US
dc.journal.volume 25 en_US
dc.journal.issue 3 en_US
dc.article.pages 481-497 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02255189.2004.9668990
dc.identifier.ctation Chatila, J. G. (2004). Reclaimed waste water in some Middle Eastern countries: Pricing and perspective. Canadian Journal of Development Studies/Revue canadienne d'études du développement, 25(3), 481-497. en_US
dc.author.email jchatila@lau.edu.lb
dc.identifier.url http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02255189.2004.9668990#.V6


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