Evaluation of water quality of the Qaraaoun Reservoir, Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Korfali, Samira Ibrahim
dc.contributor.author Jurdi, Mey
dc.contributor.author Davies, Brian E.
dc.contributor.author Karahagopian, Yester
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-07T10:49:59Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-07T10:49:59Z
dc.date.issued 2015-11-07
dc.identifier.issn 0167-6369 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/2479
dc.description.abstract The increased demand on water resources in Lebanon as a resultof: progressive urbanization, socio-economic growth, agriculturalactivities and development of industries is, according to the national authorities, a major critical factor by the year 2010.Political difficulties in earlier years imply a dearth of pertinent data. The objective of this study was to evaluate water quality of the Qaraaoun Reservoir of the Litani River andassess its feasibility for multi-purpose usage as one of the solutions to the aggravated water problems in Lebanon. Sampleswere collected from 18 sampling sites at several dates duringthe dry season. Parameters analysed were, pH, electrical conductivity, TDS, turbidity, alkalinity, Ca, Mg, TH, Cl-, SO4 2-, NH3, NO3 -,PO4 3-, Fe, Al, Na, Zn, Cr, Cu and As. The reported data were in compliancewith WHO guidelines, USEPA regulation and EEC directives. Statistical analysis of the data defined three distinct environmental zones and water quality in the central, main zone satisfied most criteria. It is concluded that the reservoir water is fit for multipurpose uses, namely, drinking, domestic,recreational activities, irrigation, fisheries, livestock and industrial, and should be properly managed accordingly. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Evaluation of water quality of the Qaraaoun Reservoir, Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle Suitability for multipurpose usage en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 197829160 en_US
dc.author.woa N/A en_US
dc.author.department Social Sciences en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Environmental monitoring and assessment en_US
dc.journal.volume 77 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 11-30 en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.keywords Multi-purpose water usage en_US
dc.keywords Qaraaoun reservoir en_US
dc.keywords Water chemistry en_US
dc.keywords Water quality en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1015781930601 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Jurdi, M., Korfali, S. I., Karahagopian, Y., & Davies, B. E. (2002). Evaluation of water quality of the Qaraaoun Reservoir, Lebanon: Suitability for multipurpose usage. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 77(1), 11-30. en_US
dc.author.email skorfali@lau.edu.lb
dc.identifier.url http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1015781930601
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2038-510X en_US

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