Suitability of Surface Water for Domestic Water Use

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dc.contributor.author Korfali, S. I.
dc.contributor.author Jurdi, M.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-06T12:30:33Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-06T12:30:33Z
dc.date.copyright 2011
dc.date.issued 2015-11-06
dc.identifier.issn 1105-7580 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/2450
dc.description.abstract The Arab Region is currently challenged by securing sufficient water resources for sustainable development. Although, Lebanon is considered relatively “the reservoir of water in the Middle East”, still, the provision of adequate, sustainable safe domestic water remains a major challenge to be met. The city of Beirut hosts one third of the Lebanese population due to progressive urbanization, resulting mostly from centralization of services and economic activities. Faced with this challenge, the tendency is to reduce dependency on groundwater resources and supplement it by surface water. The Awali River is among the 16 perennial flowing water resources, at a relatively convenient distance from the Capital (Beirut). The objective of this work is to evaluate the river water basin to determine the optimal extraction points, water quality variability and the need to develop and sustain proper river basin management and quality control programs. Accordingly, water samples were collected throughout the year from identified sampling locations. Complete physical, chemical, microbiological (pH, Conductivity, TDS, TOC, Ca, Mg, HCO3, SO4, NO3, Na, K, Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd, Mo, Co, Total Coliform, Ecoli ) quality profile based on standard methods and procedures were conducted. Further data was analysed using SigmaStat statistical package and water modelling software AquaChem. Preliminary results reflect on minimal exposure to sources of pollution other than domestic sewage. This further emphasizes the need to meet the water and sustainable goals of the water for life decade 2005-2015. Moreover, promoting and sustaining water and sanitation projects becomes a real challenge
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Suitability of Surface Water for Domestic Water Use en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle Al -Awali River Case Study en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 197829160 en_US
dc.author.woa N/A en_US
dc.author.department Natural Sciences en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal EWRA, European Water en_US
dc.journal.volume 35 en_US
dc.article.pages 3-12 en_US
dc.keywords Awali river en_US
dc.keywords Domestic water supply en_US
dc.keywords Integrated river basin management en_US
dc.keywords Water quality en_US
dc.keywords Water modelling en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Korfali, S. I., & Jurdi, M. (2011). Suitability of surface water for domestic water use: Awali River case study. European Water, 35, 3-12. en_US
dc.author.email skorfali@lau.edu.lb
dc.identifier.url http://www.ewra.net/ew/pdf/EW_2011_35_01.pdf
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2038-510X en_US

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