Autonomy, locus of control, and entrepreneurial orientation of Lebanese expatriates worldwide

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dc.contributor.author Zgheib, Philippe W.
dc.contributor.author Kowatly, Abdulrahim K.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-02T08:05:27Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-02T08:05:27Z
dc.date.copyright 2011 en_US
dc.date.issued 2015-11-02
dc.identifier.issn 0827-6331 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/2413 en_US
dc.description.abstract Present day and on-going Lebanese emigration worldwide dates back several centuries. Yet it has intensified since the middle of the nineteenth century, mostly reinforcing Lebanese presence in North America, Central and South America, Europe, Africa, and Australia. The 21st century Lebanese presence worldwide is made up of highly educated and prominent entrepreneurs who have contributed with lasting impact in their adopted homelands and the world. This research directs attention to the exploration of success attributes for overseas Lebanese entrepreneurs. Data gathered was based on a survey of 264 Lebanese entrepreneurs operating worldwide. Statistical analysis was carried out using frequency distribution, Cronbach alpha, ANOVA, correlation and linear regression. Results show overseas Lebanese entrepreneurs have a high entrepreneurial orientation. In other words, they are perseverant, innovative, risk taking individuals who compete aggressively in the marketplace and are driven by a need for autonomy. Moreover, overseas Lebanese entrepreneurs are not found to be influenced by the cultural composition of their host countries in terms of uncertainty avoidance and individualism. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Autonomy, locus of control, and entrepreneurial orientation of Lebanese expatriates worldwide en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOB en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201200959 en_US
dc.author.woa N/A en_US
dc.author.department Department of Management Studies (MNGT) en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Small Business and Entrepreneurship en_US
dc.journal.volume 24 en_US
dc.journal.issue 3 en_US
dc.article.pages 345-360 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2011.10593543 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Zgheib, P. W., & Kowatly, A. K. (2011). Autonomy, locus of control, and entrepreneurial orientation of Lebanese expatriates worldwide. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 24(3), 345-360. en_US
dc.author.email philippe.zgheib@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.url http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08276331.2011.10593543 en_US

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