Occupational Violence at Lebanese Emergency Departments

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dc.contributor.author Dimassi, Hani
dc.contributor.author Alameddine, Mohamad
dc.contributor.author Kazzi, Amin
dc.contributor.author El-Jardali, Fadi
dc.contributor.author Maalouf, Salwa
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-02T06:28:34Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-02T06:28:34Z
dc.date.copyright 2011
dc.date.issued 2015-10-02
dc.identifier.issn 1341-9145 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/2237
dc.description.abstract Emergency departments (EDs) workers are at increased risk of exposure to occupational violence. The prevalence of occupational violence is potentially higher and consequences are more serious in areas with poor security conditions. Objectives: We investigated the prevalence, characteristics and factors associated with the exposure of ED workers to violence at Lebanese hospitals. Methods: All ED employees at six tertiary hospitals in Lebanon were surveyed using a cross-sectional design. The survey instrument included four sections collecting demographic/professional information and measuring exposure to violence, degree of job satisfaction and degree of professional burnout. The questionnaire was distributed to all ED employees at participating hospitals and was completed by 256 ED workers (70.3% response rate). Multinomial and binary logistic regressions were used to investigate factors significantly associated with verbal and physical violence. Results: Over the past 12 mo, four in five ED employees were verbally abused and one in four was physically assaulted. Exposure to verbal abuse was associated with serious outcomes including significantly higher levels of occupational burnout and an increased likelihood to quit current job. Exposure to physical violence was associated with increased likelihood-to-quit, nurse status and "public hospital" employment. Conclusion: Violence largely prevails at Lebanese EDs. Most vulnerable are nurses and employees of public hospitals who are disproportionally exposed to violence. ED stakeholders must work collaboratively to investigate the root causes of violence and devise and implement effective antiviolence policies and measures. Such measures will be necessary to protect the well-being and decrease the turnover of ED workers. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Occupational Violence at Lebanese Emergency Departments en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle Prevalence, Characteristics and Associated Factors en_US
dc.author.school SOP en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200603781
dc.author.woa N/A en_US
dc.author.department Pharmacy en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of occupational health en_US
dc.journal.volume 53 en_US
dc.journal.issue 6 en_US
dc.article.pages 455-464 en_US
dc.keywords Emergency departments en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.keywords Occupational health en_US
dc.keywords Professional burnout en_US
dc.keywords Turnover en_US
dc.keywords Violence en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://doi.org/10.1539/joh.11-0102-OA en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Alameddine, M., Kazzi, A., El-Jardali, F., Dimassi, H., & Maalouf, S. (2011). Occupational violence at Lebanese emergency departments: prevalence, characteristics and associated factors. Journal of occupational health, 53(6), 455-464. en_US
dc.author.email hani.dimassi@lau.edu.lb
dc.identifier.url https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/joh/53/6/53_11-0102-OA/_article
dc.identifier.url https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/article/joh/53/6/53_11-0102-OA/_article

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