Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Dimassi, Hani
dc.contributor.author Karam, Elie G.
dc.contributor.author Mneimneh, Zeina N.
dc.contributor.author Fayyad, John A.
dc.contributor.author Karam, Aimee N.
dc.contributor.author Nasser, Soumana C.
dc.contributor.author Kessler, Ronald C.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-10-01T09:29:19Z
dc.date.available 2015-10-01T09:29:19Z
dc.date.issued 2015-10-01
dc.identifier.issn 1016-8923 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/2228
dc.description.abstract Background There are no published data on national lifetime prevalence and treatment of mental disorders in the Arab region. Furthermore, the effect of war on first onset of disorders has not been addressed previously on a national level, especially in the Arab region. Thus, the current study aims at investigating the lifetime prevalence, treatment, age of onset of mental disorders, and their relationship to war in Lebanon. Methods and Findings The Lebanese Evaluation of the Burden of Ailments and Needs Of the Nation study was carried out on a nationally representative sample of the Lebanese population (n = 2,857 adults). Respondents were interviewed using the fully structured WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview 3.0. Lifetime prevalence of any Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) disorder was 25.8%. Anxiety (16.7%) and mood (12.6%) were more common than impulse control (4.4%) and substance (2.2%) disorders. Only a minority of people with any mental disorder ever received professional treatment, with substantial delays (6 to 28 y) between the onset of disorders and onset of treatment. War exposure increased the risk of first onset of anxiety (odds ratio [OR] 5.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.5–14.1), mood (OR 3.32, 95% CI 2.0–5.6), and impulse control disorders (OR 12.72, 95% CI 4.5–35.7). Conclusions About one-fourth of the sample (25.8%) met criteria for at least one of the DSM-IV disorders at some point in their lives. There is a substantial unmet need for early identification and treatment. Exposure to war events increases the odds of first onset of mental disorders. en_US
dc.title Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version N/A en_US
dc.title.subtitle First onset, treatment, and exposure to war en_US
dc.author.school SOP en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200603781
dc.author.idnumber 199231640
dc.author.woa N/A en_US
dc.author.department Pharmacy en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal The Arab Journal of Psychiatry en_US
dc.journal.volume 20 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 1-17 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.0050061 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Karam, E. G., Mneimneh, Z. N., Dimassi, H., Fayyad, J. A., Karam, A. N., Nasser, S. C., ... & Kessler, R. C. (2008). Lifetime prevalence of mental disorders in Lebanon: First onset, treatment, and exposure to war. PLoS Med, 5(4), e61. en_US
dc.author.email hani.dimassi@lau.edu.lb
dc.author.email soumana.nasser@lau.edu.lb
dc.identifier.url http://journals.plos.org/plosmedicine/article?id=10.1371/journal.pmed.0050061

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