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Numerical simulation of damage to massive stone columns due to earthquakes. (c2012)

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dc.contributor.author Merchak, Ursula Aref
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-28T09:32:18Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-28T09:32:18Z
dc.date.copyright 2012 en_US
dc.date.issued 2013-02-28
dc.date.submitted 2012-06-15
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/1480
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 19-20). en_US
dc.description.abstract Large seismic events have historically occurred in the Middle East and particularly in Lebanon causing severe deterioration and destruction of historical monuments. In 1202 and 1759, Lebanon experienced two of the strongest earthquakes in the history of the region which led to the collapse of 34 monumental columns at the Jupiter temple of Baalbek. This study simulates the effects of earthquakes of varying magnitudes on massive stone columns in order to predict the potential of damage to such columns. The damage in the modeled columns is compared to the actual damage and chipping of the columns in Baalbek. This comparison enables the estimation of the different magnitudes of past earthquakes felt at that site. Numerical simulations were performed using the ADINA software in order to predict and analyze the damage and the collapse of the modeled columns. Two different models were used: a linear elastic model which allows the prediction of the magnitude at which toppling occurs and a second model that admits cracking and crushing of the stone with the aim of reflecting actual damage. The two models were used in predicting the response of the Baalbek colonnades to earthquakes having different magnitudes, thus serving as an indicator of either the occurrence or non-occurrence of past earthquakes with specific magnitudes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Earthquake magnitude -- Measurement en_US
dc.subject Earthquake intensity -- Lebanon -- Baalbeck en_US
dc.subject Monuments -- Earthquake effects -- Lebanon -- Baalbeck en_US
dc.subject Earthquake intensity -- Computer simulation en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title Numerical simulation of damage to massive stone columns due to earthquakes. (c2012) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.school Engineering en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200601474 en_US
dc.author.commembers Dr. Camille Issa en_US
dc.author.commembers Dr. Gebran Karam en_US
dc.author.woa OA en_US
dc.author.department MSE in Civil and Environment Eng en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 bound copy: xvi 48 leaves; ill.; 30 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.division Civil Engineering en_US
dc.author.advisor Dr. Mazen Tabbara en_US
dc.keywords Baalbek en_US
dc.keywords Collapse en_US
dc.keywords Earthquake en_US
dc.keywords Finite Elements en_US
dc.keywords Numerical Analysis en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2012.33


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