Analyzing Drivers’ Passing Decision on Two-Lane Two-Way Highways

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dc.contributor.author Sabek, Bahaa
dc.date.accessioned 2022-11-01T13:00:04Z
dc.date.available 2022-11-01T13:00:04Z
dc.date.copyright 2022 en_US
dc.date.issued 2022-07-25
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/14188
dc.description.abstract Passing maneuvers on rural two-lane highways have significant implications on safety, highway performance, and traffic operations. This research seeks to better understand drivers’ passing behavior by examining the interplay between drivers’ psychological traits and traffic variables influencing this decision. A driving simulator session followed by a self-report questionnaire were used to understand drivers’ decision to pass a lead vehicle or continue following it. A total of 160 licensed drivers were exposed to four randomized passing situations associated with different levels of risk. The lead vehicle was set to be a truck in all four scenarios, but its speed and the passing gap size were altered. The full-scale driving simulator captured observed driving behavior through performance metrics such as speed, lateral deviation, and travelled distance. The demographics and psychological factors including impulsiveness, mindfulness, and depression were collected through the self-report questionnaire. Results revealed that, irrespective of the passing situation and risk involved, the propensity to overtake lead vehicles is associated with lower attitude towards rule violations and speeding. With riskier overtaking situations, effects of impulsiveness and mindfulness become more significant. Concerning a driver’s current state and feeling, motorists who have been depressed lately are more likely to perform overtaking in specific situations. Such findings can be incorporated to enhance driving educational campaigns and curricula aiming to promote safe mobility and lessen the social and economic burdens of high-impact crashes. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Traffic lanes en_US
dc.subject Traffic safety -- Psychological aspects en_US
dc.subject Automobile driving -- Psychological aspects en_US
dc.subject Automobile driving -- Passing en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title Analyzing Drivers’ Passing Decision on Two-Lane Two-Way Highways en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle Interplay of Psychological Traits and Traffic en_US
dc.term.submitted Summer en_US
dc.author.degree MS in Civil And Environmental Engineering en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201604414 en_US
dc.author.commembers Srour, Jordan
dc.author.commembers El Khoury Malhame, Myriam
dc.author.department Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 online resource (xii, 78 leaves): col. ill. en_US
dc.author.advisor Khoury, John
dc.keywords Driving simulator en_US
dc.keywords Two-lane highways en_US
dc.keywords Passing maneuvers en_US
dc.keywords Passing gap en_US
dc.keywords Lead vehicle en_US
dc.keywords Impulsivity en_US
dc.keywords Mindfulness en_US
dc.keywords Psychological traits en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Includes bibliographical references (leaves 51-65). en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2022.494
dc.author.email bahaa.sabek@lau.edu en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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