Safe mobility

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dc.contributor.author El Mendelek, Maria
dc.date.accessioned 2022-10-24T10:59:57Z
dc.date.available 2022-10-24T10:59:57Z
dc.date.copyright 2022 en_US
dc.date.issued 2022-07-15
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/14119
dc.description.abstract Transportation safety continues to be an important issue that we face daily as it results in enormous losses to human life and to the economy. This research targets safe mobility at intersections in an urban setting by analyzing drivers’ behavior at the stop bar during the red-light phases. The latter analysis focuses on drivers’ psychological and demographic attributes. Drivers are exposed to various scenarios and triggers using a state-of-the-art driving simulator. Three main scenarios are utilized to test drivers’ responses, which include pedestrians crossing the crosswalk, police enforcement personnel and adjacent driver encroaching on the stop bar promoting the imitation behavior. A survey assessing demographics and individual traits such as impulsivity, impatience, mindfulness and driving rituals is used to complement the driving simulator experience for a total of 178 participants. Real life observations and monitoring at intersections are conducted to confirm drivers’ behaviors with respect to stopping at the stop bar in the presence of various triggers. Younger males with a history of at least one severe accident are more likely to be exhibit aggressive behavior such as speeding and committing violations. Participants scoring high on the Attitudes Towards Traffic Safety and Driving Behavior Survey scales are safer drivers who show more concern about traffic laws. High scores on mindfulness and agreeableness (Big Five Personality Inventory) are associated with less violations whereas extraversion and neuroticism are linked with impulsivity and frustration thus leading to higher acceleration rates and speeding. Symptoms of depression reduce a person’s capacity to maintain attention. Thus, it is highly effective to enhance mindfulness and stress management in addition to driving risk-awareness and focus on improving the existing driving education system. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Transportation -- Safety measures en_US
dc.subject Traffic safety en_US
dc.subject Automobile drivers -- Behavior -- Evaluation en_US
dc.subject Automobile drivers -- Psychology en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title Safe mobility en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle Analysis of drivers’ behavior at the stop bar of signalized intersections using mixed-effects modeling en_US
dc.term.submitted Summer en_US
dc.author.degree MS in Civil And Environmental Engineering en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201603833 en_US
dc.author.commembers El Khoury, Myriam
dc.author.commembers Nassar, Elma
dc.author.department Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 online resource (xiii, 101 leaves): ill. (some col.) en_US
dc.author.advisor Khoury, John
dc.keywords Transportation safety en_US
dc.keywords Driving behavior en_US
dc.keywords Driving simulator en_US
dc.keywords Pedestrians en_US
dc.keywords Police enforcement en_US
dc.keywords Imitation behavior en_US
dc.keywords Signalized intersections en_US
dc.keywords Personality traits en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Includes bibliographical references (leaves 75-82) en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2022.449
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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