The Employment of Generic and Issue-Specific Frames

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dc.contributor.author Farhat, Sally
dc.date.accessioned 2022-08-16T10:58:42Z
dc.date.available 2022-08-16T10:58:42Z
dc.date.copyright 2022 en_US
dc.date.issued 2022-04-08
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13939
dc.description.abstract This study examines the employment of frames by local television channels in their coverage of Lebanon’s October 2019 uprising. It used mixed methods to examine the employment of both generic frames, which are frames that surpass particular events and can be recognized across diverse subjects (de Vreese, 2002), and issue-specific frames, which are frames that are particular to one event or subject (de Vreese, 2005). Through a qualitative media framing analysis (MFA), the first part of this study examined the way television channels interpreted the protests. The second part used a quantitative content analysis to measure induced frames, examine the difference between anti-protests and pro-protests channels in employing issue-specific and generic frames, and test the relationship between the employment of both frames. Results from the MFA indicated that local television channels mainly used the solidarity frame, head-to-head frame, individualization frame, acknowledgment frame, disruption frame, and the peace through violence frame to interpret the protests. Results from the quantitative content analysis indicated that the political alignment of channels impacted their choices of employing some frames. Anti-protests channels were more likely than the pro-protests channels to employ the attribution of responsibility frame, disruption frame, acknowledgment frame, economic consequences frame and the conflict frame. The pro-protests channels were more likely to employ the solidarity frame. Finally, the study also revealed that there was a relationship between the employment of generic frames and issue-specific frames: The solidarity frame was less likely to be used in news stories that employ the attribution of responsibility frame, economic consequences frame, and the conflict frame. The disruption frame and head-to-head frame were more likely to be used in news reports that employ the conflict frame, and less likely to be employed in news stories that employ the economic consequences and morality frames. The acknowledgment frame was less likely to be used in news reports that employed the human-interest frame, and more likely in news reports that used the economic consequences frame. Aside from examining the coverage of Lebanon’s protests systematically and reliably, which has not been done previously, the significance of this study lies in its ability to find the relationship between issue-specific and generic frames and increase our knowledge of frames and the diverse roles they play when used together. Its significance also lies in its ability to present a framework for a typology of issue-specific frames that could be used to examine other social movements and periods of unrest. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Protest movements -- Lebanon -- History -- 21st century en_US
dc.subject Mass media policy -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Mass media -- Social aspects -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title The Employment of Generic and Issue-Specific Frames en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle Examining Lebanon’s October 2019 Uprising en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.degree MA in Multimedia Journalism en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201507377 en_US
dc.author.commembers Kozman, Claudia
dc.author.commembers Jegic, Denijal
dc.author.department Communication, Arts and Languages en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 online resource (viii, 103 leaves) en_US
dc.author.advisor Melki, Jad
dc.keywords Framing theory en_US
dc.keywords October 2019 uprising en_US
dc.keywords Media framing analysis en_US
dc.keywords Issue-specific frames en_US
dc.keywords Generic frames en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Includes bibliographical references (leaf 65-73) en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2022.421
dc.author.email sally.farhat@lau.edu en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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