Household Food Insecurity in Lebanon and Its Impact On Maternal Mental Health, Coping Mechanisms, and Children’s Malnutrition

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dc.contributor.author Al Mashharawi, Farah
dc.date.accessioned 2022-07-27T05:30:40Z
dc.date.available 2022-07-27T05:30:40Z
dc.date.copyright 2022 en_US
dc.date.issued 2022-05-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13882
dc.description.abstract Household food insecurity (HFI) is a serious public health concern in Lebanon affecting the Lebanese and non-Lebanese residents. This study aims to investigate the correlation between household food insecurity and maternal depression, an indicator of mental health, and children malnutrition, a nutritional proxy of the households. The study looks at the different coping mechanisms adopted by the mothers to mitigate the effects of household food insecurity. A sample of 219 participants and a sub-sample of 24 mothers were collected from a primary health care center (PHCC) in Beirut and from susceptible communities in Beirut, Mount Lebanon and South. A survey screened for HFI, depression and child malnutrition and semi-structured interviews probed about coping strategies. Spearman correlation coefficients were utilized to examine the correlations between HFI and depression and child malnutrition. Thematic analysis was conducted to categorize the responses of the interviewees. A strong positive correlation was found between HFI and maternal depression. HFI was not found to be linked to the nutritional status of the children under 5. Eight main themes were identified as coping mechanisms adopted by the mothers, including: maternal self-sacrificial behavior, compromised quantity and quality of the food, economic restraint, distractions from eating, negative maternal emotions, infant and young child feeding practices, social isolation of children and paternal buffering mechanisms. In conclusion, further investigation is warranted to determine the effectiveness of the coping mechanisms in preventing childhood malnutrition. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Food security -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Depression, Mental -- Nutritional aspects en_US
dc.subject Malnutrition in children en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title Household Food Insecurity in Lebanon and Its Impact On Maternal Mental Health, Coping Mechanisms, and Children’s Malnutrition en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.degree MS in Nutrition en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201402025 en_US
dc.author.commembers El Khoury, Myriam
dc.author.commembers Rahi, Berna
dc.author.department Natural Sciences en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 online resource (x, 42 leaves) en_US
dc.author.advisor Mattar, Lama
dc.keywords Household food insecurity en_US
dc.keywords Child malnutrition, Mental health en_US
dc.keywords Coping mechanisms en_US
dc.keywords Maternal depression en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Includes bibliographical references (leaf 29-33) en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2022.394
dc.author.email farah.almashharawi@lau.edu en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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