The Impact of Electoral Engineering on Political Moderation and Stability in Divided Societies

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dc.contributor.author Khoueiry, Youssef
dc.date.accessioned 2022-06-16T09:06:11Z
dc.date.available 2022-06-16T09:06:11Z
dc.date.copyright 2021 en_US
dc.date.issued 2021-03-12
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13717
dc.description.abstract Politicization of ethnic identities is a major impediment to moderation in deeply divided societies. Two schools of thought dominate the literature on democracy in those types of societies, consociationalism and centripetalism. Consociationlaists support the philosophy of inclusion, power-sharing and mutual vetoes whereas, Centripetalists, promote the engineering of political institutions that encourage moderation through vote-pooling. Consequently, institutional engineering, more specifically electoral engineering is as a key tool to manage cleavages. This thesis aligns itself with centripetalism and evaluates Lebanon’s electoral law passed in 2017 against centripetalist core concepts, both in theory and using empirical case studies from the results of Lebanon’s 2018 elections. Theoretical evaluation of Lebanon’s electoral law showed that district formation, seats allocation and single preferential voting largely contradicts centripetalists concepts of bargaining, vote-pooling and moderate political discourses. Also, empirical results in Lebanon’s 2018 parliamentary elections showed that cross-confessional and cross sectarian votes of minority groups are very high in districts with established majorities and vice versa. However, these votes are found to be very minimal in districts where sectarian groups have an equal number of voters and parliamentary seats. Empirical results showed that the electoral law in Lebanon will encourage, with a high likelihood, the Lebanese voter to cast a sectarian vote in districts where sectarian groups have approximately equal number of voters and. The thesis concludes that should political moderation be promoted in Lebanon; proportional representation is be rectified by redefining district formation and seats allocation. Also, single preferential vote should be substituted by multiple preferential voting with ranking system. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Election law -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Lebanon -- Parliament -- Elections en_US
dc.subject Lebanon -- Politics and government -- 21st century en_US
dc.subject Voting -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title The Impact of Electoral Engineering on Political Moderation and Stability in Divided Societies en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle The Case of Lebanon’s 2017 Electoral Law and 2018 Elections en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.degree MA in International Affairs en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200302466 en_US
dc.author.commembers Baroudi, Sami
dc.author.commembers Karam, Jeffrey
dc.author.department Social and Education Sciences en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 online resource (xi, 148 leaves): charts (some col.) en_US
dc.author.advisor Salloukh, Bassel
dc.keywords Consociationalism en_US
dc.keywords centripetalism en_US
dc.keywords divided-societies en_US
dc.keywords electoral law en_US
dc.keywords electoral engineering en_US
dc.keywords political accommodation en_US
dc.keywords moderation en_US
dc.keywords vote-pooling en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Bibliography: leaf 147-148. en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2022.197
dc.author.email youssef.khoueiry@lau.edu en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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