Knowledge and practice of patients with diabetes mellitus in Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Karaoui, Lamis R.
dc.contributor.author Deeb, Mary E.
dc.contributor.author Nasser, Layal
dc.contributor.author Hallit, Souheil
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-29T13:18:27Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-29T13:18:27Z
dc.date.copyright 2018 en_US
dc.date.issued 2022-04-29
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2458 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13526
dc.description.abstract Background The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of Lebanese patients living with diabetes mellitus in regards to their diabetes self- management. Methods A cross-sectional study, conducted between January and June 2015, enrolled 207 urban adult patients with diabetes mellitus from community pharmacies while purchasing their diabetes medications. Their knowledge and self-management practices were assessed using a structured anonymous interview survey questionnaire. Results The mean age of the participants was 60.2 ± 15.5 years, and the Male/Female ratio was 1.38. The mean knowledge score was 2.34 ± 0.88 points (out of 6). Very few participants (17.4%) knew their current medication side effects. The mean practice score was 5.86 ± 1.77 points (out of 8). Only 15.9% of patients reported current physical activity. A multiple linear analysis showed that those with a university degree had a significantly higher knowledge (Beta = 0.448, p = 0.001) and practice score (Beta = 0.523 p = 0.047) than those with intermediate or primary schooling. Those who reported following a special diabetes diet had a higher knowledge score (Beta = 0.482, p < 0.001) than those who did not. Knowledge score and practice score were highly correlated (Beta = 0.844, p < 0.001). There was no significant differential by gender and age for knowledge and practice scores. Conclusions The knowledge and practice scores of patients with diabetes mellitus were not satisfactory. Well-targeted interventions are needed, such as improving the communication between the pharmacist and people living with diabetes. The observed low adherence to physical exercise among patients with diabetes should also be addressed. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Knowledge and practice of patients with diabetes mellitus in Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle a cross-sectional study en_US
dc.author.school SOP en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200101817 en_US
dc.author.department Pharmacy Practice en_US
dc.relation.journal BMC Public Health volume en_US
dc.journal.volume 18 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 1-9 en_US
dc.keywords Diabetes mellitus en_US
dc.keywords Knowledge en_US
dc.keywords Practice en_US
dc.keywords Self-management en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5416-7 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Karaoui, L. R., Deeb, M. E., Nasser, L., & Hallit, S. (2018). Knowledge and practice of patients with diabetes mellitus in Lebanon: a cross-sectional study. BMC public health, 18(1), 1-9. en_US
dc.author.email lamis.karaoui@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/s12889-018-5416-7 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7857-7374 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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