Sectarianism in a Non-Sectarian State

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dc.contributor.author Darwish, Zaina
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-28T11:22:13Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-28T11:22:13Z
dc.date.copyright 2020 en_US
dc.date.issued 2020-05-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13523
dc.description.abstract This thesis contributes to a new literature that addresses sectarianism in non-sectarian contexts. It examines the reasons behind sectarian sentiments in Jordan by looking at three important political actors: the regime, Quietist-Salafis, and Salafi-Jihadis. It argues that primordial and instrumentalist explanations of sectarianism cannot account for sectarian expressions by the regime and Quietist Salafis. It therefore deploys a constructivist-realist approach to explain the sectarianism of these two political actors. Expressions of Shia wariness by the regime are motivated by fears of intervention in domestic politics by Iran and its proxies, and a fear of sectarian spill-over effects. These expressions are also determined by the regime’s bandwagoning with Saudi Arabia and the United States for economic and strategic reasons. Some radicalized Jordanians have also played a sectarianizing role and implicated the state in sectarian measures. A constructivist-realist approach suggests that the sectarianism of Jordan’s Quietist-Salafi community is motivated by political self preservation and a desire to win intra-Sunni Islamist political battles over the regime’s favor. By contrast, Salafi-Jihadi sectarianism in Jordan is ideologically motivated and is therefore explained by primordial approaches. The Jordanian experience suggests that sectarianism can paradoxically emerge in homogenous societies for political rather than primordial reasons, that Islamist groups deploy sectarianism for very different purposes, and, finally, that only a theoretically eclectic approach can explain the array of reasons why these groups weaponize sectarianism. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Salafiyya -- Political aspects -- Jordan en_US
dc.subject Islamic fundamentalism -- Political aspects -- Jordan en_US
dc.subject Islamic sects -- Jordan en_US
dc.subject Jordan -- Politics and government en_US
dc.subject Lebanese American University -- Dissertations en_US
dc.subject Dissertations, Academic en_US
dc.title Sectarianism in a Non-Sectarian State en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle Anti-Shia Sentiments in Jordan en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.degree MA in International Affairs en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201806673 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 online resource (ix, 92 leaves) en_US
dc.author.advisor Salloukh, Bassel
dc.keywords Sectarianism en_US
dc.keywords Jordan en_US
dc.keywords Islamist Groups en_US
dc.keywords Salafis en_US
dc.keywords Salafi-Jihadism en_US
dc.description.bibliographiccitations Bibliography: leaf 84-92. en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2022.280
dc.author.email zaina.darwish@lau.edu en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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