A population-based study of self-reported adverse drug events among Lebanese outpatients

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dc.contributor.author Ramia, Elsy
dc.contributor.author Zeenny, Rony M.
dc.contributor.author Hallit, Souheil
dc.contributor.author Salameh, Pascale
dc.date.accessioned 2022-03-01T10:47:12Z
dc.date.available 2022-03-01T10:47:12Z
dc.date.copyright 2021 en_US
dc.date.issued 2022-03-01
dc.identifier.issn 2045-2322 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13365
dc.description.abstract There is a limited number of studies assessing the epidemiology of Adverse Drug Events (ADEs) in the outpatient setting, especially those that do not result in healthcare use. The primary objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and determinants of self-reported ADEs among Lebanese outpatients. It was a cross-sectional observational study performed among Lebanese outpatients visiting community pharmacies across Lebanon. A questionnaire was designed to elicit patients’ relevant information. The association between categorical variables were evaluated using Pearson χ2 test or Fisher's exact test. Binary logistic regression was performed to identify factors that affect the experience of self-reported ADEs. The study comprised 3148 patients. Around 37% of patients reported experiencing an ADE in the previous year. When ADEs occur, 70.5% of the respondents reported informing their physicians. Increasing number of medications per patient, use of injectable medication, and inquiring about potential drug-drug interactions were associated with higher experience of ADEs (p = 0.049; p = 0.003; and p = 0.009 respectively). Patients who received hospital discharge counseling reported experiencing less ADEs (p = 0.002). Our study showed prevalence of ADEs among Lebanese outpatients especially patients with polypharmacy, and highlighted the need to educate patients about the importance of reporting ADEs to their physicians. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title A population-based study of self-reported adverse drug events among Lebanese outpatients en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOP en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200302267 en_US
dc.author.department Pharmacy Practice en_US
dc.relation.journal Scientifc Reports en_US
dc.journal.volume 11 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 1-10 en_US
dc.keywords Health care en_US
dc.keywords Medical research en_US
dc.keywords Risk factors en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-87036-x en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Ramia, E., Zeenny, R. M., Hallit, S., & Salameh, P. (2021). A population-based study of self-reported adverse drug events among Lebanese outpatients. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 1-10. en_US
dc.author.email elsy.ramia@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-87036-x en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6447-4377 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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