Health Literacy Levels and Predictors Among Lebanese Adults Visiting Outpatient Clinics in Beirut

LAUR Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Bouclaous, Carmel H.
dc.contributor.author Salem, Samer
dc.contributor.author Ghanem, Ahmad
dc.contributor.author Saade, Namir
dc.contributor.author El Haddad, Jad
dc.contributor.author Bou Malham, Melissa
dc.contributor.author Al Osta, Soad
dc.contributor.author Matar, Karen
dc.contributor.author Nassar, Elma
dc.contributor.author Yared, Georges
dc.contributor.author Khiami, Majd
dc.contributor.author Joe Eid, Mary
dc.date.accessioned 2021-12-20T14:26:06Z
dc.date.available 2021-12-20T14:26:06Z
dc.date.copyright 2021 en_US
dc.date.issued 2021-12-20
dc.identifier.issn 2474-8307 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/13165
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND:To date, there has been a dearth of research on health literacy in the Eastern Mediterranean Region and in particular Lebanon. OBJECTIVES:This cross-sectional study assessed the levels and correlates of health literacy in Lebanese adults. METHODS:A total of 587 participants (54.5% women) were recruited from the outpatient clinics of five health facilities in Beirut. The questionnaire consisted of the Arabic version of the Functional Health literacy Scale, the Arabic short version of the European Health Literacy Survey, and questions on sociodemographic and health-related factors. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed to assess the association of these factors with functional health literacy (FHL) and comprehensive health literacy (CHL) levels. KEY RESULTS:About 65.8% had inadequate or problematic FHL and 43.8% had inadequate or problematic CHL. Although FHL was negatively correlated with long-term illness, it was positively correlated with ability to pay and health status. CHL was positively correlated with education, income, ability to pay for treatment, health status, and FHL level, whereas it was negatively correlated with long-term illness. Binary logistic regression showed that low education, low socioeconomic status, and being a widow were predictive of inadequate FHL. Moreover, having inadequate FHL and low income increased the likelihood of having inadequate CHL. CONCLUSION:This study has identified those with risk factors for inadequate health literacy and unfavorable health outcomes. A national action plan can guide the promotion of health literacy and its embeddedness in society to instill competencies and the environment that would eliminate health inequities and sustain health in Lebanon. [HLRP: Health Literacy Research and Practice. 2021;5(4):e295–e309.] en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Health Literacy Levels and Predictors Among Lebanese Adults Visiting Outpatient Clinics in Beirut en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201505343 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal HLRP: Health Literacy Research and Practice en_US
dc.journal.volume 5 en_US
dc.journal.issue 4 en_US
dc.article.pages e295-e309 en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3928/24748307-20211012-02 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Bouclaous, C. H., Salem, S., Ghanem, A., Saade, N., El Haddad, J., Bou Malham, M., ... & Joe Eid, M. (2021). Health Literacy Levels and Predictors Among Lebanese Adults Visiting Outpatient Clinics in Beirut. HLRP: Health Literacy Research and Practice, 5(4), e295-e309. en_US
dc.author.email carmel.bouclaous@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://journals.healio.com/doi/full/10.3928/24748307-20211012-02 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3832-0806 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search LAUR

Advanced Search


My Account