The Consequences of U.S. Intervention in Afghanistan: From 1978 to 1992

LAUR Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Tuffaha, Dima O.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-06-04T04:38:05Z
dc.date.available 2021-06-04T04:38:05Z
dc.date.copyright 2021 en_US
dc.date.issued 2021-04-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/12795
dc.description individual en_US
dc.description.abstract The Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan compelled the United States to intervene in Afghanistan to contain Soviet influence. However, there were several consequences for the interference of both superpowers. While the Soviet Union deployed more than 100,000 troops to Afghanistan, the United States utilised its regional allies to launch a covert operation to aid and train Afghan mujahidin, or holy warriors, in their war against the Soviet Union. This Senior Study poses two questions on the topic: what different foreign policies were employed by the three presidential administrations during the period of 1978-1992 – Presidents Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George H.W. Bush – and how U.S. support for non-state actors affected their power in the region. The arguments of this Senior Study are that all three presidents supported and continuously increased the aid sent to the mujahidin during the fluctuation of U.S-Soviet relations throughout four Cold War periods that ranged from détente to rollback, and that U.S. support for non-state actors was facilitated with the aid of Pakistan, who favoured radical and conservative groups, which may have led to their evolvement as violent groups and the development of an anti-Western agenda. The hypotheses of this Senior Study examine the methods of U.S. involvement in Afghanistan and the outcome of U.S. foreign policy in Afghanistan. The findings of this Senior Study prove the negative outcome of U.S. foreign policy in Afghanistan given the current state of Afghanistan, the presence of terror groups in the country, and the ongoing conflict in the country, which resulted in the active presence of U.S. troops in Afghanistan. This Senior Study also reflects on the outcomes of the Soviet-Afghan War and compares the current state of Afghanistan to Iraq after the 2003 War, calling it a weak and borderline failed state because of its inability to protect its citizens, secure its sovereignty, and maintain legitimacy with its constituents. en_US
dc.format Text en_US
dc.title The Consequences of U.S. Intervention in Afghanistan: From 1978 to 1992 en_US
dc.type Capstones en_US
dc.term.submitted Spring en_US
dc.author.school SAS en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201600803 en_US
dc.author.department Social Sciences en_US
dc.author.advisor Karam, Jeffrey G.
dc.keywords Afghanistan en_US
dc.keywords United States en_US
dc.keywords Cold War en_US
dc.keywords Soviet Union en_US
dc.keywords U.S. en_US
dc.keywords USSR en_US
dc.keywords Mujahidin en_US
dc.keywords Foreign policy en_US
dc.keywords CIA en_US
dc.keywords Pakistan en_US
dc.keywords ISI en_US
dc.keywords Operation Cyclone en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/thesis.php en_US
dc.rights.accessrights Public en_US

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search LAUR

Advanced Search


My Account