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Prevalence of aggression in displaced syrian adolescents attending afternoon public schools in Beirut

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dc.contributor.author Bouclasous, Carmel
dc.contributor.author El Safadi, Ali
dc.contributor.author Basbous, Mazen
dc.contributor.author Haddad, Iskander
dc.contributor.author Mahdi, Ahmad
dc.contributor.author Zibara, Victor
dc.contributor.author Ghazi, Rabih
dc.contributor.author Naamani, Karim
dc.contributor.author El Karaaoui, Jalal
dc.contributor.author Salameh, Rima
dc.date.accessioned 2020-06-29T09:12:32Z
dc.date.available 2020-06-29T09:12:32Z
dc.date.copyright 2019 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1471-6925 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/11937
dc.description.abstract We assessed aggression in displaced Syrian adolescents, aged 11 years and above, enrolled in Beirut's public schools during 2017–2018. Of 729 parental consent forms distributed in nine randomly selected schools, 368 (50.5%) parents accepted to involve their children. Eventually, the revised Buss-Perry aggression questionnaire was used to assess physical aggression, verbal aggression, anger, and hostility in 178 boys and 182 girls. Scores were interpreted based on the adolescents' age, sex, year of arrival to Lebanon, and Syrian governorate from which they migrated last. Twenty four percent of participants scored high on aggression measurements. Boys had significantly higher scores than girls on verbal aggression (p=0.001), hostility (p=0.003) and total aggression (p=0.007). When other variables were held constant, adolescents who fled to Lebanon in the early days of the Syrian war had significantly higher levels of verbal aggression (p=0.044), hostility (p=0.028) and total aggression (p=0.007) than those who arrived later. Anger scores were not particularly affected by variables in our regression model. Adolescents from Idlib, Daraa, and Aleppo were predicted to have increased physical aggression scores. Verbal aggression scores were predicted to rise for adolescents from Daraa and Aleppo while other districts had a protective effect. These adolescents have witnessed the harshness and inhumanity of war, and have survived life-changing traumatic events. In view of our results, we recommend the introduction of a school-based universal cognitive behavioral intervention to reduce aggression in this vulnerable group both in Lebanon and upon their return to Syria. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Prevalence of aggression in displaced syrian adolescents attending afternoon public schools in Beirut en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201505343 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Journal of Refugee Studies en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez013 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Bouclaous, C., El Safadi, A., Basbous, M., Haddad, I., Mahdi, A., Zibara, V., ... & Salameh, R. (2019). Prevalence of Aggression in Displaced Syrian Adolescents Attending Afternoon Public Schools in Beirut. Journal of Refugee Studies. en_US
dc.author.email carmel.bouclaous@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://academic.oup.com/jrs/article/doi/10.1093/jrs/fez013/5372592 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3832-0806 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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