The institutional dynamics of sectarianism. (c2011)

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dc.contributor.author Habbal, Jinan Al-
dc.date.accessioned 2012-05-28T07:54:50Z
dc.date.available 2012-05-28T07:54:50Z
dc.date.copyright 2011 en_US
dc.date.issued 2012-05-28
dc.date.submitted 2011-09-05
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/1153
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 94-107). en_US
dc.description.abstract This thesis investigates how Lebanese institutions construct a sectarian culture that deepens sectarian identities and strengthens citizens’ allegiance to sectarian leaders. To this end, the thesis examines how the sectarian educational system and personal status laws manufacture and perpetuate this sectarian culture. It delineates how sectarian elites manipulate these institutions to serve their own interests and entrench a clientelist system. Hence, this study demonstrates how the resilience of non-democratic norms in Lebanon has less to do with political culture or a resilient Lebanese sectarian mind. Rather it is sectarian institutions that impede the creation of a democratic society and hinder reforms. By examining the dynamics of sectarian institutions, this study shows how Lebanese citizens are divided into sectarian groups embracing sectarian identities rather than a trans-sectarian national Lebanese identity. This thesis examines how sectarian elites control the educational system and personal status laws to embed sectarian identities. Rather than reforming the educational system, sectarian elites hindered the formation of a new unified history book, published civic education books that do not create a sense of citizenship, and reinstated religious education. Moreover, each sectarian elite has established his own Lebanese University branch which weakened the national identity of the university and hardened sectarian allegiances. The thesis also examines how personal status laws in Lebanon oblige the Lebanese citizens to belong to a specific sect and abide by its regulations. Civil marriage is forbidden in Lebanon which forces the Lebanese people wishing to receive a civil marriage to travel and follow foreign laws. Sectarian elites have blocked numerous attempts to adopt an optional civil personal status law. This has limited intersectarian marriages and increased the sense of belonging to a sect. Finally, this study proposes secularism as an alternative to the Lebanese political system and suggests several workable recommendations to change the sectarian system. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Status (Law) -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Religion and state -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Sects -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Education and state -- Lebanon en_US
dc.subject Lebanon -- Politics and government en_US
dc.title The institutional dynamics of sectarianism. (c2011) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.title.subtitle Education and personal status laws in postwar Lebanon en_US
dc.term.submitted Summer II en_US
dc.author.degree MA in International Affairs en_US
dc.author.school Arts and Sciences en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200903711 en_US
dc.author.commembers Dr. Wa'il Kheir
dc.author.commembers Dr. Jennifer Skulte-Ouaiss
dc.author.woa OA en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 bound copy: x, 108 leaves; 30 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.division International Affairs en_US
dc.author.advisor Dr. Bassel F. Salloukh
dc.keywords Sectarianism en_US
dc.keywords Educational System en_US
dc.keywords Personal Status Laws en_US
dc.keywords Sectarian Elites en_US
dc.keywords Secularism en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2011.55 en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US

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