Propagation and deposition of non-circular finite release particle-laden currents

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dc.contributor.author Zgheib, Nadim
dc.contributor.author Bonometti, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Balachandar, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-18T11:20:50Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-18T11:20:50Z
dc.date.copyright 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1089-7666 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/11538
dc.description.abstract The dynamics of non-axisymmetric turbidity currents is considered here for a range of Reynolds numbers of O (104) when based on the initial height of the release. The study comprises a series of experiments and highly resolved simulations for which a finite volume of particle-laden solution is released into fresh water. A mixture of water and polystyrene particles of mean diameter d̃p=300μm and mixture density ρ̃c=1012kg/m3 is initially confined in a hollow cylinder at the centre of a large tank filled with fresh water. Cylinders with two different cross-sectional shapes, but equal cross-sectional areas, are examined: a circle and a rounded rectangle in which the sharp corners are smoothened. The time evolution of the front is recorded as well as the spatial distribution of the thickness of the final deposit via the use of a laser triangulation technique. The dynamics of the front and final deposits are significantly influenced by the initial geometry, displaying substantial azimuthal variation especially for the rectangular case where the current extends farther and deposits more particles along the initial minor axis of the rectangular cross section. Several parameters are varied to assess the dependence on the settling velocity, initial height aspect ratio, and volume fraction. Even though resuspension is not taken into account in our simulations, good agreement with experiments indicates that it does not play an important role in the front dynamics, in terms of velocity and extent of the current. However, wall shear stress measurements show that incipient motion of particles and particle transport along the bed are likely to occur in the body of the current and should be accounted to properly capture the final deposition profile of particles. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Propagation and deposition of non-circular finite release particle-laden currents en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201706684 en_US
dc.author.department Industrial And Mechanical Engineering en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Physics of Fluids en_US
dc.journal.volume 27 en_US
dc.article.pages 086604 en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4929397 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Zgheib, N., Bonometti, T., & Balachandar, S. (2015). Propagation and deposition of non-circular finite release particle-laden currents. Physics of Fluids, 27(8), 086604. en_US
dc.author.email nadim.zgheib@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://aip.scitation.org/doi/abs/10.1063/1.4929397 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1032-8005 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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