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Neural mechanisms and behavioral dimensions of dietary choice revealed by FMRI

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dc.contributor.author Long, J.D.
dc.contributor.author Doumit, R.
dc.contributor.author Boswell, C.
dc.contributor.author O'Boyle, M.
dc.contributor.author Rogers, T.
dc.contributor.author Hou, J.
dc.date.accessioned 2019-11-08T07:12:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-11-08T07:12:30Z
dc.date.copyright 2019 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1741-6787 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/11506
dc.description.abstract Background: Emerging findings from neuroimaging studies investigating brain activity associated with dietary behavior are illuminating the interaction of biological and behavioral mechanisms that have implications for obesity prevention. Globally, 1.9 billion adults are overweight and 650 million are obese. Obesity/overweight are major risk factors for chronic illness and death. Behaviorally based health interventions have had limited success in curbing the obesity epidemic. Greater understanding of brain responses to food cues will contribute to new knowledge and shape public health efforts in obesity prevention. However, an integration of this knowledge for obesity prevention education has not been published. Aim: This study links evidence generated by brain imaging studies generated in response to diet and food images and highlights educational recommendations for nurses engaged in obesity prevention and weight-loss education. Method: An integrative review of the literature was conducted using the MeSH key words “magnetic resonance imaging” and “diet” and “food images” in PubMed, MEDLINE Complete, CINAHL and Cochrane databases from their first appearance in 2006 through March 2018. Studies published in English and using fMRI to measure brain response to diet and food images were initially identified. Animal models, those whose primary focus was a specific disease and intervention studies were excluded. Results: Of the 159 studies located, 26 met inclusion criteria. Findings from neuroimaging studies may help explain the relationship between brain mechanisms and behavioral aspects of dietary choice and inform patient education in obesity prevention. Awareness of this evidence is applicable within nursing educational efforts. This review contributes several recommendations which should be purposefully considered by nurses providing individualized weight-loss education and obesity prevention. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Neural mechanisms and behavioral dimensions of dietary choice revealed by FMRI en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle an integrative research review en_US
dc.author.school SON en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200200810 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing en_US
dc.keywords Obesity en_US
dc.keywords Prevention en_US
dc.keywords Patient education en_US
dc.keywords Evidence based-practice en_US
dc.keywords Neurology en_US
dc.keywords Nutrition en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Long, J. D., Dodd, S., Doumit, R., Boswell, C., O’Boyle, M., Rogers, T. and Hou, J. (2019). Neural Mechanisms and Behavioral Dimensions of Dietary Choice Revealed by fMRI: An Integrative Research Review. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing en_US
dc.author.email rita.doumit@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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