Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density

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dc.contributor.author Zalloua, Pierre A.
dc.contributor.author Hsu, Yi-Hsiang
dc.contributor.author Terwedow, Henry
dc.contributor.author Zang, Tonghua
dc.contributor.author Tang, Genfu
dc.contributor.author Li, Zhiping
dc.contributor.author Hong, Xiumei
dc.contributor.author Azar, Sami T.
dc.contributor.author Wang, Binyan
dc.contributor.author Bouxsein, Mary L.
dc.contributor.author Brain, Joseph
dc.contributor.author Cummings, Steven R.
dc.contributor.author Rosen, Clifford J.
dc.contributor.author Xu, Xiping
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-18T10:58:30Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-18T10:58:30Z
dc.date.copyright 2007 en_US
dc.date.issued 2019-07-18
dc.identifier.issn 1873-4111 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/11085
dc.description.abstract Objectives Over the past decade, dietary choices and nutrition have proven to be major modulators of bone mineral density (BMD) in men and women. We investigated environmental determinants, specifically dietary habits, of BMD by using multiple regression models in a rural Chinese population. Methods BMDs were measured at the hip and total body in 5848 men and 6207 women, aged 25–64. Dietary and supplemental intakes were assessed by a simple, one-page questionnaire tailored to collect nutritional information from large rural populations. Another questionnaire was used to collect information on the subjects’ age, disease history, smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity as well as women's menstrual status and reproductive history. Multiple regression models were used to assess the relationships among dietary variables and BMD, after adjusting for age, BMI (body mass index), weight, occupation, smoking status, and alcohol consumption. Results Increasing seafood consumption was significantly associated with greater BMD in women (p < 0.001), especially those consuming more than 250 g per week of seafood. One thousand and three hundred and twenty-four men and 1479 women consumed >250 g of fruit per week. Higher fruit intake was found to be significantly associated with higher BMD in both sexes (p < 0.05). High vegetable consumption, however, did not positively impact BMD. Conclusions This study with its large population size has identified preventive measures, as well as some risk factors, involved in bone loss and osteoporosis. Our results highlight the importance of several dietary variables as significant determinants of BMD. It also emphasizes the role of dietary intake in general and shows that specific foods, such as fruits and seafood, can positively impact BMD. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 20030001 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Maturitas en_US
dc.journal.volume 56 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 1-11 en_US
dc.keywords BMD en_US
dc.keywords Fruit en_US
dc.keywords Menopaus en_US
dc.keywords Nutrition en_US
dc.keywords Osteoporosis en_US
dc.keywords Seafood en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2006.05.001 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Zalloua, P. A., Hsu, Y. H., Terwedow, H., Zang, T., Wu, D., Tang, G., ... & Bouxsein, M. L. (2007). Impact of seafood and fruit consumption on bone mineral density. Maturitas, 56(1), 1-11. en_US
dc.author.email pierre.zalloua@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378512206001939 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8494-5081 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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