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Predicting tendon tissue grafting source from the extensors of long fingers

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dc.contributor.author Yammine, Kaissar
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-04T08:39:59Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-04T08:39:59Z
dc.date.copyright 2018 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1558-9455 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10977
dc.description.abstract Background: The use of tendon tissue for transfer and grafting is a common practice in hand surgery. Many local tendons are usually used, mainly that of the palmaris longus muscle. However, this tendon could be absent in up to 46%. Extra slips of the extensor digitorum communis (EDC) and extra tendons such as the extensor indicis (EI) and the extensor digiti minimi (EDM) could be valuable sources for tendon tissue. Methods: A systematic review was conducted to quantify the proportion of extra slips in relation to each tendon and extra tendons in relation to each long finger. The aim is to better predict the location of tendon tissue sources on the dorsum of the hand in reconstructive surgery. Results: Based on 39 studies including 7847 hands, the cumulative frequencies of extra slips and extra tendons and the association between double-slip frequency and ancestry were as follows: (1) the little finger showed the highest cumulative frequency of extra slips (96.54%), followed by the ring (37.5%), long (30.6%), and index (9.5%) fingers; (2) the index with its EI and its variants and the little finger with its EDM bear by far the highest cumulative frequency of extra tendons (≈100%); and (3) double slips are found to be rare in Indian populations, most prevalent in Japanese populations, more prevalent in the index and little fingers of Caucasians, and more prevalent in the ring fingers of Middle Eastern populations. Conclusions: Knowledge of the frequencies of extra slips for each long extensor tendon and extra tendons for each long finger along with their prevalence in different populations would improve: (1) location prevision of tendon source for tendon grafting; and (2) surgical planning while supporting a patient-centered approach. Evidence-based hand anatomy would have a major potential to contribute to the practice of an evidence-based hand surgery. Predicting the possible tendon sources that could be present on the dorsum of the hand is thought to be very valuable for hand surgeons. In addition and from an evolutionary perspective, we hypothesized that the observed significantly higher frequency values of the double-slip and triple-slip types of the EDC of the ring finger, EDC of the little finger, and EDM might indicate a natural selection tendency for a higher independence of the former digits in the future evolution of the human hand. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Predicting tendon tissue grafting source from the extensors of long fingers en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle a systematic review of cadaveric studies en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201801808 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal HAND en_US
dc.article.pages 1-7 en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1177/1558944718770802 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Yammine, K. (2018). Predicting Tendon Tissue Grafting Source From the Extensors of Long Fingers: A Systematic Review of Cadaveric Studies. HAND, 1558944718770802. en_US
dc.author.email kaissar.yammine@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1558944718770802 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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