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The fourth slip of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle of the human foot. A systematic review and meta-analysis

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dc.contributor.author Yammine, Kaissar
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-03T08:29:14Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-03T08:29:14Z
dc.date.copyright 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2038-5129 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10963
dc.description.abstract The flexor digitorum brevis muscle, and in particular its fourth slip, has a significant clinical and surgical importance in medical practice. However, as for the majority of tendons destined to the little toe, the fourth slip is undergoing a phylogenetic degeneration. The aim of this meta-analysis is to conduct an evidence synthesis on the prevalence of FDB-5 and its variants in humans. Twenty-two studies met pre-defined inclusion criteria with a total of 2789 feet and 416 cadavers. Meta-analytical results of fourth slip agenesis were as follows; a) a true prevalence rate of 31.3%, b) a crude prevalence rate of 47%, c) a bilateral prevalence rate of 38.2%, d) a true prevalence rate of 77.3% in Indian populations, e) a true prevalence rate of ≈20% in Japanese, Chinese, American, European and Turkish populations, f) an Odds Ratio of 1.5 significantly in favor for female gender, g) non-significance for hand side, h) a true prevalence rate of a thin fourth slip of 47.7%, and i) a true prevalence rate of the variations of its origin in 12.3%. The knowledge of the frequency of flexor digitorum brevis fourth slip agenesis and variations in relation to the demographic characteristics of patients would be of importance for tendon repair, tendon transfer or soft tissue reconstruction in foot surgery. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title The fourth slip of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle of the human foot. A systematic review and meta-analysis en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201801808 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology en_US
dc.journal.volume 120 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 59-70 en_US
dc.keywords Flexor digitorum brevi en_US
dc.keywords Foot en_US
dc.keywords Anatomy en_US
dc.keywords Meta-analysis en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.13128/IJAE-16475 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Yammine, K. (2015). The fourth slip of the flexor digitorum brevis muscle of the human foot. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 120(1), 59-70. en_US
dc.author.email kaissar.yammine@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url http://fupress.net/index.php/ijae/article/view/16475 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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