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The fibularis (Peroneus) tertius muscle in humans

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dc.contributor.author Yammine, Kaissar
dc.contributor.author Eric, Mirela
dc.date.accessioned 2019-07-03T06:26:24Z
dc.date.available 2019-07-03T06:26:24Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 2314-6141 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10958
dc.description.abstract Being considered an exclusive human structure for a long time, fibularis tertius (FT) is believed to have a secondary function of foot dorsiflexion and eversion. This study is an attempt to approach the issue from an anatomical perspective. A systematic literature search identified 35 studies (7601 legs) which met the inclusion criteria. The weighted results of FT presence were as follows: an “adult cadaveric” frequency of 93.2% and a clinical frequency of 80%. The most common FT origin and insertion sites were the distal half of fibula and the base of the 5th metatarsal, respectively. In 95% of cases, an accessory fibular muscle was detected when FT was lacking. We demonstrated that the discrepancy found between the adult cadaveric and clinical frequency values would point out a probable bias in interpreting previous kinesiological results. On an evolutionary level, comparative anatomy demonstrated a very low FT prevalence among monkeys while reaching a frequency of 30% in gorillas, the only non-human apes having an almost exclusive terrestrial locomotion. The consistent prevalence among humans and the presence of similar functional muscles when it is missing would support an essential role of FT during the phylogenetic development of the erect bipedal posture and probably during gait en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title The fibularis (Peroneus) tertius muscle in humans en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle a meta-analysis of anatomical studies with clinical and evolutionary implications en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201801808 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal BioMed Research International en_US
dc.journal.volume 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/6021707 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Yammine, K., & Erić, M. (2017). The fibularis (Peroneus) tertius muscle in humans: a meta-analysis of anatomical studies with clinical and evolutionary implications. BioMed research international, 2017. en_US
dc.author.email kaissar.yammine@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2017/6021707/abs/ en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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