Facial nerve palsy in the newborn: incidence and outcome

LAUR Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Falco, NA
dc.contributor.author Eriksson, E
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-03T08:00:38Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-03T08:00:38Z
dc.date.copyright 1990 en_US
dc.date.issued 2019-06-03
dc.identifier.issn 1529-4242 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10733
dc.description.abstract This study retrospectively identifies and characterizes patients with facial palsy related to birth trauma and describes the natural history of this disorder. The records of infants born with facial weakness or paralysis over a 5-year period at Brigham and Women's Hospital were reviewed, and criteria were defined to assign a diagnosis of acquired facial palsy based on birth history and documented physical examinations. The majority of patients were followed up by interview with a family member. Among 44,292 infants born between October 1, 1982 and July 31, 1987, there were 92 recorded cases of congenital seventh nerve palsy. Of these, 81 were acquired, for an incidence of 1.8 per 1000. Seventy-four of the 81 (91 percent) were associated with forceps delivery. By contrast, obstetric forceps were used in 19 percent of all deliveries during the period of the study. The average weight of subjects was 3.55 kg, versus a mean overall birth weight of 3.23 kg. Fifty-nine percent of mothers of affected children and 37 percent of controls were prima gravidas. Forceps delivery, birth weight of 3500 gm or more, and primiparity were all significant risk factors for acquired facial palsy. The incidence of additional birth injuries also was substantially higher among affected subjects than among the general population of newborns. Sixty-six of 81 patients had adequate follow-up. Recovery has been complete for 59 patients (89 percent) and incomplete for the remaining 7 (mean follow-up 34 months). In summary, congenital traumatic facial palsy has definable risk factors and a predictably favorable outcome. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Facial nerve palsy in the newborn: incidence and outcome en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201408989 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery en_US
dc.journal.volume 85 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 1-4 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Falco, N. A., & Eriksson, E. (1990). Facial nerve palsy in the newborn: incidence and outcome. Plastic and reconstructive surgery, 85(1), 1-4. en_US
dc.author.email nancy.chedid@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://europepmc.org/abstract/MED/2293714 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search LAUR

Advanced Search


My Account