Halzoun, an allergic pharyngitis syndrome in Lebanon

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dc.contributor.author Khalil, Geoges
dc.contributor.author Haddad, Charles
dc.contributor.author Otrock, Zaher K.
dc.contributor.author Jaber, Fadel
dc.contributor.author Farra, Anna
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-23T11:13:06Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-23T11:13:06Z
dc.date.copyright 2013 en_US
dc.date.issued 2019-05-23
dc.identifier.issn 1873-6254 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10659
dc.description.abstract Halzoun syndrome typically manifests in the form of an allergic pharyngitis following the consumption of raw or undercooked ovine liver. First described in Lebanon in 1905, it was initially attributed to Fasciola hepatica, while later publications have attributed it to other pathogens. There has been no definitive documentation of the pathogen causing the Lebanese Halzoun syndrome. The aim of our study was to identify the parasite responsible for the pathogenesis of the Lebanese Halzoun syndrome. 32 patients with typical clinical symptoms of Halzoun syndrome were recruited in the emergency room at our hospital from 2005 to 2007. One parasite was isolated from a patient's expectorations, and two others were isolated from pieces of a raw sheep liver retrieved from the patients’ dishes. A piece of infected goat liver intended for consumption was also collected from a local butcher. All parasites were examined microscopically for identification. All patients presented with immune allergic-like symptoms of the eyes, ears, nose, or throat. All collected parasites were identified as Dicrocoelium dendriticum. Our study has identified D. dendriticum, rather than Linguatula serrata or F. hepatica, as the prime suspect in the pathogenesis of the Lebanese Halzoun syndrome. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Halzoun, an allergic pharyngitis syndrome in Lebanon en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.title.subtitle the trematode Dicrocoelium dendriticum as an additional caus en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200804713 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Acta Tropica en_US
dc.journal.volume 125 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 115-118 en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2012.09.013 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Khalil, G., Haddad, C., Otrock, Z. K., Jaber, F., & Farra, A. (2013). Halzoun, an allergic pharyngitis syndrome in Lebanon: the trematode Dicrocoelium dendriticum as an additional cause. Acta tropica, 125(1), 115-118. en_US
dc.author.email anna.farra@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001706X12003324 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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