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Irritable bowel syndrome: prevalence, risk factors in an adult Lebanese population

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dc.contributor.author Deeb, Mary E.
dc.contributor.author Chatila, Rajaa
dc.contributor.author Merhi, Mahmoud
dc.contributor.author Hariri, Essa
dc.contributor.author Sabbah, Nada
dc.date.accessioned 2019-05-02T06:58:55Z
dc.date.available 2019-05-02T06:58:55Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1471-230X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10514
dc.description.abstract Background Very few studies report on the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and its correlates in the Middle East. This study investigated Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) prevalence in a sample of Lebanese adult individuals and associated demographic and behavioral lifestyle factors. Methods This is an observational population-based study. The target population is working Lebanese adults, eighteen-to-sixty five years old. The sample was selected from a convenience population of bank employees in different geographical areas in Lebanon. The study participants completed an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, to collect data on their socio-demographic, behavioral and life style characteristics, and diagnostic questions following Rome III criteria to assess IBS occurrence. The difference in IBS prevalence by socio-demographic characteristics, smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity was assessed by using the Chi-square test. Logistic regression adjusted odds ratios were used to investigate the association between risk factors and IBS. Results Data was collected from 553 individuals and consisted of 52.8% females (mean age 35.9 years, SD = 11.9) and 47.2% males (mean age = 36.1 years, SD = 10.3). The prevalence of IBS in the study population according to Rome III criteria was 20.1%. The bivariate analysis indicated that being younger than 30 years old, a female, an ever water pipe smoker, an ever alcohol consumer are significantly associated with a higher prevalence of IBS. Educational level, cigarettes smoking and physical exercise were not significantly associated with IBS occurrence. The logistic regression adjusted odds ratio showed that females were 1.67 times more likely to have IBS than males (P˂ 0.05). The participants aged less than 30 years old were at a higher risk of having IBS (P˂ 0.01). Those who ever smoked waterpipe were 1.63 times more likely to have IBS than those who never smoked waterpipe (P˂ 0.05). Those who were ever alcohol drinkers were twice as likely to have IBS than never-drinkers (P˂ 0.01). Conclusion New data on the high prevalence of IBS in an adult population in Lebanon has been reported. This is also the first study to investigate and show an association of waterpipe smoking and IBS. Further longitudinal studies are warranted to determine whether this association is causal. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Irritable bowel syndrome: prevalence, risk factors in an adult Lebanese population en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOM en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200900035 en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200902750 en_US
dc.author.department N/A en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal BMC Gastroenterology en_US
dc.journal.volume 17 en_US
dc.journal.issue 1 en_US
dc.article.pages 137 en_US
dc.keywords Irritable bowel syndrome en_US
dc.keywords Rome III criteria en_US
dc.keywords Alcohol en_US
dc.keywords Cigarette smoking en_US
dc.keywords Water pipe en_US
dc.keywords Physical activity en_US
dc.keywords Prevalence en_US
dc.keywords Lebanon en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1186/s12876-017-0698-2 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Chatila, R., Merhi, M., Hariri, E., Sabbah, N., & Deeb, M. E. (2017). Irritable bowel syndrome: prevalence, risk factors in an adult Lebanese population. BMC gastroenterology, 17(1), 137. en_US
dc.author.email mary.deeb@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.author.email rajaa.chatila@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12876-017-0698-2 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0120-2275 en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US


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