Molecular typing and biofilm characterization of pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from clinical samples in Lebanon. (c2011)

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dc.contributor.author Timani, Rola J.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-18T09:09:03Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-18T09:09:03Z
dc.date.copyright 2011 en_US
dc.date.issued 2012-01-18
dc.date.submitted 2011-09-06
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/1046
dc.description Includes bibliographical references (leaves 29-36). en_US
dc.description.abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative rod that can cause severe infections which are associated with high mortality rates in immunocompromised patients. It is a frequent cause of nosocomial infections where the spread of organisms is a common source of outbreaks. One of the clinical significance of P. aeruginosa is its ability to form a biofilm on living or non-living tissues and to differentiate into layered structures of sessile multicellular bacterial cells bound by exopolysaccharide matrix (EPS). The genome size of P. aeruginosa varies from 5.2 to 7.1 Mbp. This degree of variation highlights the importance of typing methods used to study the evolution and epidemiology of this organism. This study aimed at typing 100 clinical P. aeruginosa isolates recovered from several site of infections obtained from American University of Beirut Medical Center (AUBMC). The relatedness of the isolates was inspected by aligning their PFGE types (PT) in a dendrogram. The phylogenetic tree revealed the presence of two major groups (I and II), one of which contained only 2 isolates. The second major group (II) consisted of 8 subgroups (represented from A to H) with C, F, G and H being further divide into 2 clones each. None of the isolates were genetically identical with 100% similarity index. A strong correlation was detected between respiratory tract P. aeruginosa strains and the cluster II-G of certain restriction patterns. In addition to a moderate correlation between urine samples and PFGE cluster II-C. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing showed the distribution of the P. aeruginosa samples into 32 antibiotypes. Tetracycline was considered an ineffective drug against P. aeruginosa due to the high resistance percentage (95%), followed by carbenicillin (49%). The most effective antibiotic was imipenem due to the least percentage of resistance (20%), followed by ceftazidime (23%). Another objective of this study was to investigate the presence of a relationship between the strength of attachment of P. aeruginosa to stainless steel surfaces and their corresponding antibiotic susceptibility profile. A weak correlation has been detected between multiple drug resistance and strength of attachment to surfaces. Significance of such a result is that even antibiotic susceptible P. aeruginosa could have the potential of attaching strongly to surfaces and hence forming biofilm. This study showed the importance of PFGE in characterizing the genetic diversity and assessing the risk of environmental reservoirs of P. aeruginosa and the banding patterns established will serve as a database to better understand the evolutionary epidemiology of this important human pathogen in Lebanon. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections -- Pathogenesis en_US
dc.subject Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis -- Technique en_US
dc.subject Drug resistance in microorganisms -- Lebanon en_US
dc.title Molecular typing and biofilm characterization of pseudomonas aeruginosa isolated from clinical samples in Lebanon. (c2011) en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.term.submitted Summer II en_US
dc.author.degree MS in Molecular Biology en_US
dc.author.school Arts and Sciences en_US
dc.author.idnumber 200702942 en_US
dc.author.commembers Dr. Roy Khalaf
dc.author.woa OA en_US
dc.description.physdesc 1 bound copy: xv, 50 leaves; ill. (some col.); 30 cm. available at RNL. en_US
dc.author.division Biology en_US
dc.author.advisor Dr. Brigitte Wex
dc.keywords P. aeruginosa en_US
dc.keywords Molecular typing en_US
dc.keywords PFGE en_US
dc.keywords Biofilm formation en_US
dc.keywords Antibiotic resistance en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.26756/th.2011.44 en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lebanese American University en_US

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