Anaerobic membrane bioreactor effluent reuse: a review of microbial safety concerns

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dc.contributor.author Harb, Moustapha
dc.contributor.author Hong, Pei-Ying
dc.date.accessioned 2019-03-08T14:50:58Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-08T14:50:58Z
dc.date.copyright 2017 en_US
dc.date.issued 2019-03-08
dc.identifier.issn 2311-5637 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10725/10155
dc.description.abstract Broad and increasing interest in sustainable wastewater treatment has led a paradigm shift towards more efficient means of treatment system operation. A key aspect of improving overall sustainability is the potential for direct wastewater effluent reuse. Anaerobic membrane bioreactors (AnMBRs) have been identified as an attractive option for producing high quality and nutrient-rich effluents during the treatment of municipal wastewaters. The introduction of direct effluent reuse does, however, raise several safety concerns related to its application. Among those concerns are the microbial threats associated with pathogenic bacteria as well as the emerging issues associated with antibiotic-resistant bacteria and the potential for proliferation of antibiotic resistance genes. Although there is substantial research evaluating these topics from the perspectives of anaerobic digestion and membrane bioreactors separately, little is known regarding how AnMBR systems can contribute to pathogen and antibiotic resistance removal and propagation in wastewater effluents. The aim of this review is to provide a current assessment of existing literature on anaerobic and membrane-based treatment systems as they relate to these microbial safety issues and utilize this assessment to identify areas of potential future research to evaluate the suitability of AnMBRs for direct effluent reuse. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.title Anaerobic membrane bioreactor effluent reuse: a review of microbial safety concerns en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.description.version Published en_US
dc.author.school SOE en_US
dc.author.idnumber 201806912 en_US
dc.author.department Civil Engineering en_US
dc.description.embargo N/A en_US
dc.relation.journal Fermentation en_US
dc.journal.volume 3 en_US
dc.journal.issue 3 en_US
dc.article.pages 1-28
dc.keywords Antibiotics en_US
dc.keywords Pathogens en_US
dc.keywords Antibiotic resistance en_US
dc.keywords Anaerobic digestion en_US
dc.keywords Membrane bioreactors (MBR) en_US
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation3030039 en_US
dc.identifier.ctation Harb, M., & Hong, P. Y. (2017). Anaerobic membrane bioreactor effluent reuse: A review of microbial safety concerns. Fermentation, 3(3), 39. en_US
dc.author.email moustapha.harb@lau.edu.lb en_US
dc.identifier.tou http://libraries.lau.edu.lb/research/laur/terms-of-use/articles.php en_US
dc.identifier.url https://www.mdpi.com/2311-5637/3/3/39 en_US
dc.orcid.id https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1566-987X en_US
dc.author.affiliation Lebanese American University en_US

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